Pine nuts are not only tasty, but also extremely healthy. Its cores contain more protein than meat, and it is absorbed, unlike animal protein, completely. In addition to protein, pine nuts contain most of the amino acids, trace elements and minerals our body needs. The most valuable cedar oil is produced from the kernel of pine nuts; the cake remaining after squeezing is used by confectioners as a useful flavoring additive, on the basis of the shell make healing balms and tinctures.
Cedar oil is a source of vitamins A, B, D, E, F, moreover, there are five times more vitamins of group E in it than in olive oil, and vitamins of groups F and P are three times more than in fish oil. Cedar oil contains acids that are very important for the human body: stearic, oleic, gadoleic, linoleic, linolenic.
This product slows down the aging process, promotes the transfer of full-fledged heredity, strengthens health, reduces blood cholesterol, helps in the treatment of colds, flu, psoriasis, neurodermatitis, trophic ulcers, stomach ulcers, allergic disorders, eliminates chronic fatigue syndrome, increases mental and physical performance.
Pine nut oil has no contraindications and is easily absorbed by the digestive system. This unique product helps men to increase potency, slow down the process of baldness, improve blood circulation, accelerate wound healing, and lower cholesterol. Women use cedar oil as a natural lifting and hair nutrient. The use of cedar oil is beneficial for people working in adverse climatic and environmental conditions.
Pine nuts are called cedar Siberian pine seeds, also known as Siberian cedar. This tree grows in Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Urals (to the Timan Ridge), in Central Altai, in Mongolia, in Northern China. Siberian cedar plantings are found in the Arkhangelsk region, Vologda region, Kostroma region.
It will take 11-12 million rubles to create a cedar oil plant. With this money, land is bought or taken for long-term lease, equipment is purchased, production facilities and warehouses are equipped. To ensure the production process, 12-15 specialists are invited. The payback period of an investment can take from 24 months.
The production of cedar oil begins, first of all, with the collection of cedar cones at the place of pine growth, during which a tree shaker is used, after which the fruits are picked from the ground manually. Cones are loaded into a peeling-winnowing machine, which cleans the seeds from the skeleton and husk. The process of peeling a bag of cone weighing 13-15 kilograms takes no more than three minutes. The yield of the nut from the cone is 40-50 percent. The cost of a peeling and winnowing machine is 80-90 thousand rubles. It works on gasoline, since the first peeling occurs in the forest.
The peeled nut needs to be dried, for which a drying machine is used. Walnut is loaded into the car for about 10 hours. A tumble dryer can be purchased for 75-80 thousand rubles. An extractor hood costs 30 thousand rubles.
The next stage of production is the separation of the nut into fractions and the separation of garbage. These processes are carried out using a pneumatic separator, which cleans the product, and a fractionator, which separates the grain mixture on swinging sieves in size. A pneumatic separator will cost 100 thousand rubles, a fractionator costs about 190 thousand rubles.
To separate the shell from the kernels, a peeling abrasive machine is used that provides the maximum amount of crushed kernel without soaking. When loading 100 kilograms of nuts, you can get from 15 to 30 kilograms of kernel. The cost of the car is 100 thousand rubles.
The shell is separated from the core by a pneumatic separator and frakioner, after which the product is dried.
To remove the amniotic film, you need a special machine worth 110 thousand rubles. Sometimes the kernel has to be passed through the machine several times.
The process of washing the kernel of pine nuts occurs in a special sink, consisting of a bathtub, frame and trays with a perforated bottom. The core is poured into trays and placed in a bath. The cost of washing is 30 thousand rubles. After washing, regular drying is required.
The sorting of the core by color and quality is carried out by an optical sorter (photo separator), which has a high resolution camera and a scanning speed of up to 50 thousand frames per second, which ensures a 99.99 percent purity of sorting. This is a very expensive equipment, its price starts at 1.5 million rubles.
Walnut oil is obtained in two ways: cold and thermal. The first method allows you to preserve the healing properties of the product and is preferred, albeit more expensive.
For cold pressing, the cores are placed in a press, the extracted oil is filtered or sedimented. It is believed that only a wooden press should be used for the oil extraction process, because the oil deteriorates from contact with metal. As far as we know, serious studies confirming or disproving this statement have not been carried out, but one well-known Russian producer of cedar oil has used this theory so widely in its advertising that high-quality cedar oil is now associated with a large number of consumers only with a wooden press.
Industrial presses are usually metal. The cycle consists of loading, spinning and unloading, the cycle time is 20-30 minutes. The oil yield depends on the moisture content of the core and is 30-40 percent. The cost of the press is from 110 to 330 thousand rubles.
The manufacture of a wooden press is possible to order, the price is from 120 thousand rubles. Manufacturers are easy to find over the Internet.
Thermal oil production is a washing with hot water of heated kernels, and then hot pressing. As we noted above, pine nuts lose most of their unique properties during heat treatment. Hot-pressed oil is cheaper and used in cooking.
According to GOST, the oil should have a taste and smell with a slight smack of walnut. Bitter taste and any extraneous tastes and smells are not allowed. The color of the oil is golden yellow, the oil is transparent, the presence of a grid over the sediment and slight turbidity is allowed.
Pine nuts can be purchased at a price of 300-350 rubles per kilogram. A cleaned core costs from 1200 rubles per kilogram. Pine nut kernels are sold at a price of 150 rubles per kilogram. The cost of a liter of cedar oil starts at 2, 000 rudders. The product is packaged in containers from 100 ml.
The company engaged in the production of cedar oil, upon registration, indicates as the main activity “Production of crude vegetable oils”, OKVED code 08/18/2019.
Cedar oil is not subject to mandatory certification, but many enterprises go through this procedure to attract customers, emphasizing the correctness of the manufacturing technology of the healing product.
Most manufacturers sell their product over the Internet, creating online stores. In retail, oil is also sold by pharmacies, cosmetic stores, supermarkets, and organic food stores.