Demolition business

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General demolition of the market for building demolition services

Construction is considered one of the most promising and cost-effective sectors of the economy. It is with him that a considerable proportion of already operating and newly opening firms of a completely diverse profile is associated: these are actually building contractors, and architectural and design bureaus, and numerous manufacturers of building materials: from primitive bricks and reinforced concrete products to technologically complex paints and varnishes, metal-plastic windows, " corrugated board "and much more.

However, many people forget such an important part of construction as preparing a “construction spot” or “point” for work, and in particular, dismantling (demolishing) existing buildings, structures and structures. In fact, this area is almost empty: even in the largest cities of Russia there are only a few (literally 2-3) organizations involved in the demolition of buildings.

Sometimes (but not always!) The construction organization carries out the demolition of buildings on its own. But this does not always happen in an acceptable time frame and by no means every time is carried out in compliance with the technology (including safety precautions).

In general, few people know that such activities are subject to state licensing. “Breaking - not building” - many people think and dismiss the idea of ​​creating a dismantling company. And completely in vain. In fact, the demolition business of dilapidated buildings can be a very, very profitable business, and, despite the apparent complexity, it does not require any special qualifications (at least for the manager).

A few words about the dismantling business

Currently, residential (as well as business) construction is in two main directions.

The first, which can conditionally be called "horizontal", is the expansion of cities through the construction of suburban cottage and multi-storey "sleeping" areas on the outskirts of the city, and even beyond the administrative border of the city - according to the Western type.

As a rule, “horizontal” construction does not require the intervention of dismantling firms - unless in exceptional cases. This cannot be said about the “vertical” direction - the construction in the vast majority of cases of multi-storey buildings on the site of a dilapidated foundation in old, often central areas of the city. It is conducted (with rare exceptions) in a point-wise way.

However, at the site of the future construction there are always at least the ruins (and sometimes quite solid structures) of the previous building - as a rule, of the old Soviet and even pre-revolutionary buildings, which, despite the technical dilapidation, can become an unexpected obstacle to the construction company that decided to dismantle them by yourself.

If we are not talking about “Khrushchevs” (which, however, are massively demolished except in Moscow), then, for example, meter or so (if not more!) Walls, a solid (although cracked) foundation and cast-iron piles can cool the ardor even the most zealous developers. And this is not to mention the danger to neighboring houses, often also emergency.

That is why the demolition of buildings should be trusted such a seemingly crude, but in fact - a very delicate work for professionals.

What you need to know when starting a demolition business

The main condition for the work of the house demolition company is, of course, the state license issued by the State Committee of the Russian Federation for construction and housing and communal services, or, in some cases, some local authorities.

Of course, in order to open a demolition company, you should make sure that the number of construction projects in your city is sufficient for a uniform and constant implementation of activities, and that the construction is large enough and long-term.

The third issue, which should also be carefully considered, is the removal of construction waste, i.e. in this case the debris of a demolished building. Who will it be implemented?

Where exactly is it allowed to take out construction waste in your city? Is it necessary to attract additional equipment (dump trucks, bulldozers, etc.) and workers?

In addition, you can also consider the possibility of processing construction waste - for example, crushed into medium and fine fractions of bricks and concrete fragments are an excellent material for strengthening dirt roads and the basis for laying asphalt or use reducing the cost of driving piles. I call such material “secondary crushed stone”.

Necessary equipment and required investments in dismantling business

In this case, the option of acquiring equipment, rather than its rental, will be considered. What kind of machines are required for the dismantling business? For the demolition of buildings used automotive and tractor equipment, falling into the category of "special" (special vehicles).

First of all, this, of course, is a truck crane. This machine is multifunctional - except for its direct purpose - for example, lifting and loading construction waste onto a dump truck, a special weight (the so-called "woman") used as a hammer is hung on it, the most popular demolition equipment today.

A truck crane should be purchased with a carrying capacity of at least 21 tons (from about 4.4 million rubles), a woman is ordered separately from steel mills and similar enterprises.

The second most popular and functional is a bulldozer (from $ 44, 000 to $ 484, 000 - depending on capacity).

In the ideal case, you can purchase a fairly powerful backhoe loader (from € 82, 000). As you can see, the purchase of a separate bulldozer and excavator (tracked - from 3.4 million rubles; wheeled - from 2.1 million rubles) is unprofitable: in addition to larger investments, you will also need another operator (driver).

The third element is, of course, a truck (dump truck). It must be taken into account that he will also carry a cast-iron “woman”, therefore the desired carrying capacity is at least 20 tons (approximately 2.2–2.3 million rubles).

Other equipment: semi-trailers, trailers, tractors, cargo trucks, tractors, graders, etc. you don’t need to start, and with the development of the dismantling business, it will be quite possible to lease it. However, you can lease the aforementioned cars - if only local distributors are located to help novice businessmen.

Of the other costs, one should take into account only purely office expenses, which are growing, as you know, with the size of the company — additional secretaries, assistant accountants, lawyers, etc. It should also be remembered that operators of special equipment need to have the right form (tractor driver, bulldozer driver, etc.).

Pavel Biryukov

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