How to make money on making screens

* In calculations, the average data for the World is used. The word "screen" goes back to the German "schirm", which means screening, protection. This unusual piece of furniture appeared in China many centuries ago. Chinese screens were real works of art, as they were painted beautiful landscapes or depicted scenes from everyday life. From China, the screen came to Japan and became a popular interior item. Even in the palace of the emperor, screens were found everywhere. Japanese screens had more wings than Chinese ones and painted masterfully in the same way. Oriental screens were created from paper, fabric, mica, leather or wood. In the Middle Ages, the screen came with travelers to Europe and quickly gained a strong position in the homes of wealthy people. European craftsmen covered the screens with cloth, decorated with paintings and embroidery, tapestries. The most expensive products were made of wood, cut out patterns on them, used for decoration ivory, mother of pearl and semiprecious stones.

The variety of types of screens used in modern rooms will amaze anyone. We must not forget that the screen is not only a stylish decoration of the interior, but also a very functional partition, which, although it cannot provide sound insulation, is mobile and gives a person a sense of visual and psychological seclusion.

There are three types of screen designs. A folding screen is a classic version, known since ancient times. A single-screen screen - a shield on stable legs, often with wheels, can be quite an unusual shape, for example, round. Such screens trace their history from the beginning of the 20th century and are often found in offices where they are used to divide the workspace. A flexible screen has appeared recently; it is planks fastened with flexible materials. The flexible screen can be rolled up and removed, it is very easy to move and takes up little space during storage.

We will consider the manufacture of a folding screen, since this type is most popular with buyers.

One of the possible options for the production of screens is the manufacture of a screen from plexiglass, acrylic or plastic. You just need to choose a beautiful material, cut it and fasten it. You can buy sheets of patterned glass measuring 1.5x2 meters at a price of 1, 500 rubles. One sheet of colored polycarbonate measuring 2.1 x 6 meters and a thickness of 8 millimeters costs 3, 700 rubles. To work with glass you will need various equipment. Since industrial tools are quite expensive, first we talk about manual processing of glass.

To transfer glass, suction pens are used. They withstand loads of up to 150 kilograms. The cost of pens from 2500 rubles. Manual glass cutter for thick glass costs from 1500 rubles. The glass cutter must be selected to work with thick glass. To break one part of the cut glass from the other, breaking tongs are used. It is better to purchase milled metal tongs that can handle even the thickest material. The price of forceps is 12 thousand rubles. To ensure confident and uniform operation of the glass cutter and good pressure, a special carriage is used, which can be bought for 18 thousand rubles. The holes in the glass are made with a conventional drill with a diamond drill. The cost of a drill is about 10 rubles per millimeter, that is, a drill of 26 millimeters will cost 260 rubles. An electric drill costs from 3 thousand rubles. All tools can be bought in specialized stores or ordered online.

Glass processing machines can significantly increase the productivity of the enterprise, but their cost starts from 250 thousand rubles, although used models can be purchased for 100 thousand rubles.

To decorate the glass screen, an image is applied to it using a UV flatbed printer, a special computer-controlled machine. The printer is designed for applying indelible pattern on glass, plastic, wood, concrete, fabrics. Ink consumption is about 50 rubles per square meter. The new UV printer costs more than a million rubles.

A much cheaper option for decorating glass screens is hand-painted through a stencil. This method takes an order of magnitude more time, but does not require such investments. Stencils can be bought in stores for creativity or for repair. Any drawings are made on the screens: flowers, leaves, abstract or ethnic patterns, images of people, animals, buildings. Stencils cost from 100 rubles. One stencil can be used repeatedly.

Paints for glass are divided into cover and stained. Coating paints are opaque, most often made of acrylic. Unlike conventional acrylic paints, they are not washed off with water. The cost of a 50 ml bottle is from 100 rubles. Stained-glass paints for a “cold” stained-glass window do not require heat treatment of the product. They are made on the basis of various resins or alcohol-based, dissolve in white spirit. Water-resistant paints, normally tolerate washing even with cleaning agents. A 60 ml bottle costs from 150 rubles.

The glass screen is enclosed in a wooden frame that is varnished or painted. A cubic meter of wooden timber costs an average of 4, 500 thousand rubles, although the price for rarer types of wood can be much higher. Timber cutting is carried out using an electric jigsaw (cost from 3 to 15 thousand rubles). To make one screen, you will need 6 bars about 2 meters long each.

To quickly clean and polish a wooden surface, you can use a grinding machine, which costs from 3 thousand rubles.

Sashes are fastened together by door hinges. For a three-part screen, you need 4 loops. The cost of one loop is from 150 rubles. Loops made of bronze or brass, stylized antique, cost from 600 rubles. Carved loops decorated with patterns cost from 1000 rubles.

A glass screen of three sections costs from 15 to 30 thousand rubles.

For the manufacture of the frame, you can use different types of wood. Pine, fir, linden, aspen, willow, chestnut are soft species, and larch, birch, beech, ash, and apple are hard. Boxwood, hornbeam, yew, white acacia give wood increased hardness.

Karelian birch has a very beautiful cut, and its wood has a color from pinkish-gray to tan and light brown. Birch has a pleasant smell, as it contains the aromatic substance betulin. It is difficult to process the Karelian birch, but the products from it turn out to be very effective, especially in combination with metal, which sets off the natural beauty of wood. Price - 55 thousand rubles per square meter.

The most popular wood in Russia is oak. This is a universal material for the manufacture of furniture, frames, floors, etc. The color of the young oak is light yellow, mature wood is shallow, has shades from light brown to tan with a beautiful texture on the cut. Over time, oak wood darkens a little, which gives it a shade of noble antiquity. Oak products are extremely durable. Cost - 4700 rubles per cubic meter.

Ash is similar in color to oak, the wood of which is also light, slightly yellowish, has a characteristic cut pattern. Ash is harder than oak in hardness, but it is very elastic and can be processed well. The disadvantage of this type of wood is that it can cause an allergic reaction in some people. In addition, ash is prone to cracking; it cannot be treated with water-based varnishes and primers.

Walnut wood is resistant to deformation and cracking during drying, it is relatively hard, but it is easy to work with. For the treatment of this tree, it is not recommended to use water-based varnishes, adhesives and primers. Walnut is a popular tree for creating exclusive interiors due to its exquisite appearance.

The apple tree has a reddish-brown color, sometimes spots of sound rot. Wood is easy to cut, dense, strong. An apple tree looks best when polished.

The wood of the young cherry has a yellowish color, and the ripe wood is pinkish brown. The structure is uniform. Cherry is easily processed.

Maple gives white wood, which turns yellow over time. The texture is poorly expressed.

Spruce - universal wood, which is used for all types of finishes. The color has a tan, annual layers are clearly visible. The wood is soft and light, it is elementary processed, polished, and also varnished. The cost is about 30, 000 rubles per cubic meter.

Fabrics for the manufacture of screens use dense, furniture, for example, jacquard, tapestry, flock, microfiber, velor, suede, leather, etc. Fabrics can be decorated with spectacular patterns and look great with a properly selected wooden frame, so that no additional decor is required. Also on the screen, you can perform various applications, paint fabric using batik technique, etc. The cost of a running meter of furniture fabric is from 500 rubles.

In furniture stores, screens made of valuable types of wood are sold at prices ranging from 10 to 30 thousand rubles. The profitability of producing one screen, thus, is more than 100 percent. It takes about a day to make the product, but since such a screen is a luxury item because of the high price, it is not so easy to sell it.

To ensure that production income is stable and screens do not stand for months in furniture stores waiting for a buyer, you can try to make cheaper options that will be available to most who want to decorate their interior with an unusual partition. For example, use inexpensive wood and textured fabric with a bright pattern. The cost of such a screen will be about 2000 rubles, due to the simplicity of manufacture, they are made much faster, and it is much easier to sell them.

Natalya Merkulova

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