The general picture of the metal tile manufacturing market
Significantly increased (by 14% in 2010 compared with 2009) in recent years, the volume of low-rise and private construction has generated significant demand for construction in general and roofing materials in particular.
Currently, the market offers a wide range of the latter, however, the volume produced does not satisfy all the needs of the construction industry. In addition, many end users, that is, future residents of the low-rise and individual houses being built, place high demands not only on quality, but also on the chromatic, color range of products.
Moreover, it is precisely on the last issue that consumer demands are even higher than on the first: professional builders control the quality, while the average citizen wants to have an original looking house that emphasizes his personality.
For this reason, the production of metal tiles - one of the most popular materials in this regard, promises to become one of the most promising, technically simple and at the same time low-cost areas of business.
What is a metal tile? Technology for the production of metal
What is a metal tile? The metal tile is a roofing material. It is made of painted galvanized steel with a polymer protective coating applied to it.
The outer coating of the metal is painted in various colors. The raw material for the production of metal is a steel sheet with a thickness of 0.4 ... 0.5 mm.
The metal tile is made in a form that imitates a real, classic ceramic tile, combining a tribute to old traditions and grace and at the same time using the latest technology.
Thus, the metal tile is a synthesis of the practical metal roof of the future, combined with the aesthetic advantages of clay tiles left in the past.
Technically, the manufacture of metal is as follows: the steel sheets that serve as the workpiece are covered with a layer of zinc. In this case, the consumption of the second metal varies (depending on the type of tile and the expected weather conditions for its use) from 140 g / m 2 to 275 g / m 2. Sometimes, an alloy of zinc and aluminum — aluzinc — is used for this, providing a reduced specific gravity of the product.
The resulting sheets are bent in accordance with a certain standard or control profile on special equipment. The semi-finished profile is primed and passivated (passivation is the process of forming a thin and strong oxide film on the surface of the metal in order to protect it from further oxidation - rust).
At the last stage of the production of metal, it is covered with a protective color layer of a flexible, resistant to deformation of the polymer (usually polyester or polyurethane), which protects it from corrosion.
Personnel and equipment necessary for the production of metal
Equipment for the production of metal tiles is inexpensive and, ceteris paribus, pays off literally in a matter of weeks. For example, a fully equipped line for the production of metal tiles costs from 1390 to 4400 thousand rubles.
The number of personnel serving any of the lines is 8-10 people, and its productivity is 16-20 linear meters per minute.
For simplicity of further calculations, we take two extreme price positions, the first line staff will be equal to 8 people in the production of 16 linear meters per minute, the second staff - 10 people at 20 meters.
We will accept the wages of workers as averaged, without taking into account qualifications and positions held, equal to 20 thousand rubles. per person.
As already mentioned, galvanized metal sheet up to 0.5 mm thick serves as raw material for the production of metal tiles. Retail (small wholesale) price of 1 corresponding sheet is 280 to 320 rubles. with a size of 1000 * 2000 mm, i.e. 1 * 2 meters.
The width of the finished metal varies greatly depending on the manufacturer and the system: from 450 to 1200 mm in width and from 0.7 to 8.2 m in length.
For simplicity, we accept the following formula: 1 sheet of the workpiece is equal to 2 finished products with a length of 2 linear meters. Thus, with the first version of the equipment (16 linear meters per minute), the daily production of metal tiles is 7680 linear meters, and the monthly (24 working days) - 184320 linear meters. In the second - respectively 9600 and 230400 linear meters.
Material costs (at an average price of 300 rubles) will amount to 27, 648, 000 and 3, 456, 000 rubles, respectively. Salary costs - 160, 000 and 200, 000 rubles. respectively. The total amount of costs - 27808000 rubles. and 3, 776, 000 rubles. The price of one running meter is, therefore, 150.87 rubles. in both cases.
Profitability, gross and net profit of metal tile production
Consider the prices of similar products. The cost of 1 square meter of one of the most common varieties of metal tiles is from 230 to 396 rubles., On average - 333.06 rubles.
Given that the running meter is less than square (due to compression due to the crest) by about 10%, we add this figure to the cost of running meter (it will become equal to 165.95 rubles and calculate net profit - 167.11 rubles. Profitability - 99, 31%.
Gross profit - 30, 800, 819.20 rubles. in the first and 38501024.00 rubles. - in the second case. If you take the costs of utilities, the purchase of polymers and other general business expenses for 40% of the calculated profit, the net profit will be at least 18.5-23 million rubles. per month.Related article:
Own business: metal tile production
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