Few domestic entrepreneurs see fabric production as a profitable investment and a profitable type of business. There is nothing surprising in this: over the past few decades, the textile industry in Russia has been far from in the best condition.
Nevertheless, only in 2007, according to estimates, the volume of the fabric market in our country amounted to almost $ 5 billion. The main growth occurred in the segment of cotton fabrics, which accounted for about 60% of the total market for all types of fabrics in physical terms, as well as in the segment of silk and synthetic fabrics, which prevail in the market in value terms. At the same time, despite the fact that cotton fabrics make up the bulk of the production of fabrics, their share over the past few years has decreased by 3-4%.
Among the main features of the fabric market, experts highlight the stagnation of Russian production. Over the past ten years, there has not been a clear trend in increasing tissue production. The volume of production ranges from 2700 to 2850 million square meters. m. At the same time, a decrease in these indicators is periodically replaced by growth and vice versa.
What is the reason for such a deplorable situation in the Russian textile market? Analysts identify three main factors: illegal imports of relatively cheap (and better) fabrics, which significantly weaken the competitiveness of Russian companies, technically obsolete equipment in many large factories, and insufficient raw materials.
The volume of the Russian fabric market is growing, mainly due to imported products, among which silk and synthetic materials prevail. This type of fabric accounts for about 70-75% of the total volume of imported products. With the legalization of supplies from Asian countries, the share of official imports is growing and the number of domestic fabrics is decreasing. Now the share of products of our manufacturers is a little more than half of the total volume (for comparison, in 2007-2008 it amounted to 65-70%).
In addition, over the past few years, the volume of export of Russian fabrics abroad has almost halved. Most of the exported cotton fabrics are raw materials (the so-called "harsh"), which are semi-finished products and then further processed.
But linen, which is almost uncompetitive in the domestic market, make up a significant share of exports (about 38-40%). But this figure is decreasing every year.
However, despite this depressing picture, the textile industry in our country has great potential, and, perhaps, with the right positioning, it is your company that can become a leader in this industry.
First of all, you must have certain knowledge in the field of fabric production, carefully study the segment in which you will work, understand what types of fabrics and in what volumes you need to produce. Among the most large-scale areas, the production of furniture fabrics, which are always in demand, predominates.
There are several main types of upholstery fabrics: flock, boucle, jacquard, chenille, faux suede and faux fur, tapestry, faux leather. In addition, distinguish mixed fabrics, which are a combination of two or more materials. If you plan to create a small business, then experts advise you to pay attention, for example, to such niches as the production of decorative cotton fabrics.
Similar fabrics are commonly used for various types of needlework (for example, for patchwork). They are distinguished by a wide variety of color shades and decors, as well as high quality and relatively high price (from 300 rubles / meter). At the moment, there is practically no competition in this segment on the Russian market.
In order to open your own fabric manufacturing business, you need to purchase or rent special equipment, rent premises for a workshop, warehouse and office, as well as hire employees who will be involved in the production and marketing of your products.
The amount of start-up capital depends on which direction you choose. In any case, you can not do without special equipment. For a relatively large production, the obligatory list includes weaving machines, warping equipment, tape and bastion warps, sizing machines, locking chambers for yarn. All this is necessary for the production of canvas, which is then processed using pile and finishing machines, flat printing machines, duplicating machines and gas-bearing machines.
In addition, you will have to acquire paint preparation complexes, dyeing machines, drying chambers. Some types of textile products are manufactured using additional equipment. For example, for the manufacture of knitted fabric, including technical, you need to purchase special equipment for the production of knitwear.
For large textile production, non-woven textile equipment is also used, which includes carding and quilting machines, needle punching machines, calenders for applying spot adhesive coatings, and pinch sizing machines.
Save on equipment is not worth it. A fabric created using low-quality machines with a minimum of functions will not have the proper finish and will not differ in a variety of colors. The total cost of textile equipment is several tens of millions of rubles, depending on the types of fabrics that you are going to produce. Add to this the cost of renting premises for the workshop, warehouse and office, as well as the salaries of employees (technologists, equipment operators, purchasing and sales managers, accountants, etc.).
If you do not have an appropriate budget, you can negotiate with existing textile factories and order fabrics with a specific design there. The main difficulty is to find a good designer who will be engaged in the development of prints and achieve the required quality of the produced fabrics.
The payback period of a fabric manufacturing business depends on many factors. If the company manages to find its niche and offer its customers high quality products at competitive prices, then it will be able to reach the level of self-sufficiency within the first year of its existence.
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