Modern plastic buckets are used everywhere. Due to their tightness, various types of food and chemical industries can be stored and transported in them. They are comfortable, lightweight, durable, retain their qualities for a long time.
A plastic bucket is an environmentally friendly container that does not affect the taste and smell of products. In modern industry, buckets are produced with volumes from 0.4 to 32 liters. In shape they are round, oval, rectangular.
Raw materials for the manufacture of buckets are selected in accordance with their purpose. Most often they use nylon, food grade polyethylene (for storing chemicals), low and high pressure polypropylene (for food products). All these types of raw materials have high tensile strength with increasing and decreasing temperatures and low thermal conductivity. And if you add stabilizing additives, then they will have frost resistance.
The business of manufacturing and selling plastic buckets does not require a complex process. Another positive point is the great demand for this product.
At the first stage of production, the raw materials in the granules are poured into a hopper, in which the mass melts and plasticizes under high temperature. Dye is added to the molten feed.
Bucket production is based on injection molding. Special molds set the parameters of the bucket: its height, wall width, diameter. For a certain type of bucket, a separate mold is used. It is also called the gate form. Among the forms, cold-channel, hot-channel and combined are distinguished. Most often they use a cold-channel form: it is easy to use and has a low price.
The molten mass enters the mold through the gate, where a bucket is formed under pressure. Then it is cooled, out of shape and goes along the conveyor for fixing the handle. Handles are molded from plastic and metal. The former is produced by stamping, the latter on special bending machines. Handles are made with the calculation of the function of the bucket and its parameters. Also, the bucket can be equipped with a lid and covered with a pattern by offset printing.
The production speed is about 400 buckets with lids per hour.
Prices for equipment and raw materials
For the production line you need to purchase:
- Injection molding machine - the cost is from 150 thousand rubles for a used one, from 1 to 2 million rubles for a new one.
- Molds - the cost depends on the parameters of the bucket: 1 liter - about 200 thousand rubles, 10 liters - about 300 thousand rubles, 30 liters - about 600 thousand rubles. The form for the handle of a ten-liter bucket costs about 40 thousand rubles, the lid - about 80 thousand.
- Vacuum loader of raw materials. The price ranges from 8 to 40 thousand rubles.
- Refrigeration unit. Price - from 50 to 250 thousand rubles.
- Manual bending machine - from 7500 thousand rubles.
- Offset printing machine - about 300 thousand rubles.
The price of low-pressure polyethylene (HDPE) is about 32 rubles per kilogram and above. Polypropylene - 30-75 rubles per kilogram.
Facilities and staff (requirements)
For production, you need a room with an area of about 20 square meters. The energy consumption of the complex will be - 48 kW / h. The number of staff is 2-4 people per shift.
The initial investment at the cost of equipment, raw materials, rental of premises, staff salaries and other expenses will be about 5-6 million rubles. The payback period is about 3 years.
It’s not difficult to find ways to sell, because now almost all mixtures, products and bulk materials are stored in plastic buckets. A large segment of consumers is the fishing industry, where buckets are used to store and transport caviar and fish to factories. Often they are used for transportation of liquid substances (honey, sauces), paints and varnishes, fertilizers, glue. There are also consumers in the confectionery and meat industries. The most popular are buckets with volumes of 10, 15 and 20 liters. The production of buckets with prints on the order of firms can also bring a certain income.
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