Everyone knows that chinchilla fur is one of the most prestigious and expensive materials in the fashion industry of fur products. But this is far from all the chinchilla possibilities!
The fact is that chinchilla - this legendary "Shanghai leopard" of glamorous ladies, excites the imagination not only the female segment of the consumer market. Many do not know, but this beast is a fetish, a talisman, a “blue bird” of the stronger sex. There is such a hobby or even a profession that traditionally attracts strong men - a treasure hunter. So treasure hunters around the world (and in our country) use chinchilla in the hunt for treasures.
If pigs (and some dog breeds) are indispensable when hunting for truffles, then chinchillas prey on treasures. Remember the old Soviet film "Tale of Wanderings"? The main character, a little boy, had a unique gift - he felt where the gold was hidden, for which he was stolen by two robbers who wanted to get rich. This legend is not fiction. In fact, even in antiquity, some Indian tribes noticed that chinchilla more often lives where gold is nearby. Today, on the beaches of the Black and Azov Seas, tamed animals are used to search for lost gold jewelry.
Treasure hunters quietly turned into entrepreneurs who found their niche in the fur industry of Russia. Now chinchill breeding is on the rise and is developing dynamically. Interest in chinchilla in Russia, in particular, in the Rostov region and Krasnodar Territory is growing. People from all over Russia and the former Soviet republics come to the capital of Russian treasure hunters (Leningradskaya village). They also come from far abroad countries (for example, from Greece and Turkey) and try to learn from the experience of keeping and breeding animals.
But that is not all. Chinchilla meat is recognized as dietary. It helps with tuberculosis and is almost indispensable for sclerosis. There is evidence that it helps to treat cancer.
The main characteristics of the chinchilla: "Call" - "Answer".
Initially, chinchillas lived in the highlands of the Andes - in Chile, Peru, at an altitude of five thousand meters above sea level. A sharply continental climate, assuming humidity rarely exceeding 30%, temperature differences, both seasonal and daily, and sparse vegetation do not imply an abundant and varied food supply. To survive in such harsh conditions, the animal must save the energy received from each dry blade of grass - like a well-known camel from a well-known camel spine. All this led to the unique structure of chinchilla fur.
In ordinary fur animals, one hair usually grows from one hair bulb. In chinchillas from one hair bulb, 60 to 80 (!) Thinnest (cobweb-like) hairs 12-14 microns thick grow. There are 25 thousand hairs per square centimeter, the pile height is 2.5 - 3 centimeters. The fur is a continuous layer of elastic, silky fluff. In nature, it serves as an excellent insulator, on the one hand, not allowing the icy wind to pass, on the other hand, not allowing heat energy to leave the body. In such a fur coat, the animal can live and reproduce quietly, despite the adverse living conditions.
A bit of history
With the advent of conquistadors in South America, the chinchilla becomes the property of Europe. For some time, only kings were allowed to wear chinchilla fur, but later the chinchilla fashion “descended” into the middle class. The desire to wear this fur at the end of the 19th century led to the almost complete extermination of the animal in Latin America. In the wild, chinchilla is rare, but is well bred in captivity.
Features breeding chinchilla
Here is the main list of features presented by an experienced chinchillovod Yuri Kharchuk:
1. Chinchillas do not have a molt season. The skin is always in excellent condition.
2. Chinchilla - a small herbivore animal. It feeds on dry feed all year round.
3. The cultivation process is so simple and affordable that even experienced fur farmers are surprised at this, and schoolchildren and senior citizens can do this.
4. Even those people who have never done anything like this at all can be engaged in this business, and you can even keep the beast in a high-rise apartment (if you don't make a big business out of it).
5. Keep the animal only indoors.
6. Where it should always be dry, warm and clean.
7. As well as clean air and the absence of drafts.
8. Remember to disinfect, that is:
a) every day - watered, fed and cleaned;
b) once a week changed the chips;
c) once a month sifted and calcined sand (in the sand they bathe like sparrows - this improves the fur and is a mandatory procedure);
d) once every six months - general disinfection of the room and cells.
9.At the age of three months, each animal is provided with a separate cage.
10. At the age of 7-8 months, a decision is made for each individual.
11. Only a quality beast is left for the tribe.
12. Mating is prohibited.
13. Standard family: four females and one male.
14. You can not destroy the "working" family.
15. The "extra" males are usually slaughtered on the skins.
16. A female has up to three lambing per year, an average of five cubs. Chinchilla pregnancy lasts 110-117 days. Cubs need maternal care for exactly seven weeks.
17. For a year, an adult animal eats 12 kg of feed and 6 kg of hay.
18. 20 chinchillas are placed on two square meters, taking into account the passages between the cages.
19. Enter the feed carefully and gradually, giving preference to domestic feed!
20. The labor costs of caring for the chinchilla: 500 animals per worker with a full working week (41 hours).
21. You can catch the animal only by the ear or tail and as rarely as possible!
Starting a chinchilla breeding business
Do not wait for a sharp rise in the production of fur - the chinchilla is slowly increasing its stock. Compared to rabbits, chinchillas breed slowly. One female should bring from 4 to 6 cubs per year. It is believed that this is a very good result under optimal conditions of detention. Females over 10 years old are taken out of production.
Consider also culling, as well as the natural decline of the livestock - the annual growth rate of females will not exceed 2-3. This is very small. To achieve world-class sales of fur - 40 years. Therefore, the overproduction of this product with us is not expected for a long time. This means only one thing: production will always be in the rank of super-profitable!
The components of production costs are practically unchanged. In such positions as:
4) labor -
cost prices are already very specific. Their unexpected sharp jump is not expected. And this means that: profitability depends only on the selling price with stable production costs.
We can confidently draw an interesting and attractive conclusion for a businessman: high profitability for a long time due to the rather slow breeding of chinchillas.
What is the difference between chinchilla and rabbit and other fur animals?
Firstly: it has no smell, since it does not eat meat and fish, unlike the marten, arctic fox, sable, fox ...!
Secondly: since she doesn’t eat meat and fish, you don’t have to bother with it, and even spend less ... Chinchilla, gnawing at a dry stalk, gave rise to such a saying among chinchillovods: “Feed like a rabbit, but sell like a sable!”
Thirdly, the skin of a chinchilla is in excellent condition at any time of the year, while another fur-bearing animal is subject to molt and most of the year its fur for slaughter is unsuitable!
And finally, in the fourth: a chinchilla skin, only by conservative estimates, is 250 times more expensive than a rabbit skin! The price of one chinchilla skin in the finished product at the price of the store is 1000 euros. Chinchilla fur coats are sold at prices ranging from 50 to 300 thousand euros, depending on the quality of the fur. This is without margins on brands and designer wraps.
A chinchilla farm is a very expensive product that operates year-round.
However, if you do not have experience in starting your own business related to animal husbandry, do not despair. If you still want to try your hand, start with amateur cultivation of chinchillas right in your city apartment. Start one monogamous family (on an industrial scale it is advisable to keep chinchillas with 1 + 4 polygamous families) and see what you get. Maybe you want to become a treasure hunter in the Krasnodar Territory and at first you will look for your gold there.
in preparing the article, materials were used from the book of Yuri Kharchuk “Chinchilla animals: keeping and breeding”
* The article is more than 8 years old. May contain outdated data