Construction has always been an attractive industry for investment. Perhaps this is generally one of the most interesting areas of activity. To create something durable that will serve people as a refuge, a place of rest or creation of values in the process of work - what could be more pleasant? And solving architectural and engineering problems is always a challenge for an inquiring mind.
However, construction as an object of entrepreneurial activity, with all its attractiveness, is not so affordable. The organization of a more or less serious construction company requires appropriate specialized knowledge, experience, as well as considerable capital investments for the purchase of machinery and equipment, the hiring of workers, etc. There are various options for organizing a business in this area - you can minimize your own investments by attracting capital from the customer (shared construction), attracting subcontractors to reduce the cost of your own equipment, use the earthly funds of credit organizations, etc. But even in the case of maximum cost optimization, the organization of a construction company requires the investment of tens and hundreds of millions of rubles.
Nevertheless, there are alternatives for small businesses. It is enough to answer a few questions.How to avoid investments in sophisticated equipment and construction machines?
Build something that does not require their participation.How to avoid the costs of hiring workers and paying their labor?
Ideal from this point of view is low-rise construction - cottages, small shops, premises for commercial use, for example, for car service. But residential construction implies a set of systems for providing comfort and high-quality functioning of the home; the construction of industrial - albeit small - complexes requires knowledge of the features of the planned production.
Bath production as a business
One of the most technically simple areas of construction is the construction of bathhouses.
In fact, the bathhouse consists of several interconnected rooms with a stove in one of the rooms; Depending on the type of stove, a well-organized chimney is also usually required. Also, the premises can be equipped with plumbing, sewage and other amenities, but you can completely do without them. Thus, the average bath is a relatively small building (usually offered 3x6 m) with a system similar in principle to the operation and installation of the heating system of a residential building. In other words - maximum availability for construction on their own. There are many resources on the Internet devoted to DIY construction technology. However, not everyone has free hands or a desire to work with them. This is where the space for entrepreneurship appears.
So, if you decide to start building saunas, the first thing, of course, is to study the construction technology. As was said, it is available in various Internet sources. Today, there are various construction technologies that are classified according to the building materials used, the design of the furnace, etc. An entrepreneur can choose either one of them or master a complete set to offer solutions depending on the wishes of the customer.
The supporting structure of the bath building can be made of the following materials:
tree (log or beam);
foam or aerated concrete;
- wooden frame filled with insulating materials.
Of course, each of the materials has its advantages and disadvantages. The most commonly used material for building baths is wood. It does not emit toxic substances, holds heat for a long time, looks aesthetically pleasing, durable, quickly mounted, does not require external and special interior decoration. Brick is strong and durable, however, it requires a reinforced foundation and additional thermal insulation, it takes longer to warm up. Foam concrete does not require special skills when laying, it is lighter and warmer than brick, but still loses to a wooden bath.
The design of the furnace can also be different - it can be, for example, a brick furnace or a metal furnace with a so-called heater. There are certain restrictions on the use of technologies, primarily related to the availability and cost of building materials.
Necessary employees for the construction of baths
Next, you need to decide on the team. In principle, as experts say, the construction of a small bathhouse - first of all, this concerns a timber bathhouse - can be dealt with alone. On the one hand, it is very attractive - all the profit from the construction will go to one person. On the other hand, the cons are much more substantial than the benefits received. This is hard physical labor, and the speed of construction, and its quality. Perhaps the best team would be a team of three people - both during the installation of wooden structures, and during stone-installation work. In both cases, two people can participate directly in the installation, and the third - to perform auxiliary work.
In the case of working with wood, the material can be procured both in-house and purchased ready-made on special bases of building materials. In the first case, you will need a room in a production or warehouse complex with a suitable temperature and humidity regime. This option is suitable for the production of so-called modular buildings, which are pre-prepared at the manufacturer’s site, and then assembled at the place indicated by the customer. On the one hand, it is convenient and can significantly reduce construction time. On the other hand, it leads to additional costs for the rental of premises and the maintenance of an additional team of procurers.
Equipment for the construction of baths
For the construction of the building we do not need any special equipment. For the preparation and processing of logs or beams, a complete set of carpentry tools is needed: hacksaws, axes, saws, squares, plumb, etc. For laying bricks or aerated concrete blocks - a mixer for cement-sand mortar, means of transportation, trowels. For interior work, trimmer and carpenter kits will be needed. At cost, the entire tool kit will cost a maximum of 200, 000 rubles.
The construction of the furnace will also require special knowledge and skills. There are two options: buy a finished stove or do it yourself. The first option is certainly simpler, but a home-made oven can be much cheaper. Having mastered the technology of independent manufacture of the furnace, the entrepreneur will provide the customer with the opportunity to choose, thereby ensuring higher competitiveness for himself. The principle of manufacturing stoves can also be found on the Internet in the public domain. As a rule, sheet metal is used, or a barrel or pipe of the required cross section and with the required wall thickness is not less than 5 mm, but 10 mm is recommended to ensure the service life. To assemble metal parts, you will need a welding machine, which you can rent or give parts to the welder for assembly.
The cost of finished stoves varies widely. The figure depends on the manufacturer, the principle of operation and the volume of the steam room for which this furnace is designed. So, for example, the price of wood-burning stoves ranges from 13 to 180 thousand rubles. Electric ovens are slightly cheaper - up to 100, 000 rubles. However, they are inferior to wood in quality of the flow.
As a matter of fact, this can be done with the material part.
Legal registration of the bath construction business
After a team is selected and all preparations related to the tool are made, it is necessary to tackle the legal side of the issue - registering a business and obtaining a license. Registration of a business entity is a standard procedure, which provides for a visit to the tax service, pension fund, and Rosstat branch. After this, it is necessary to obtain a building license, and for this it is necessary to join the SRO - a self-regulatory organization, an obligatory industry institute since 2008. SRO performs the function of regulating and controlling the activities of its participants. Depending on the type of activity and the expected volumes, the entry fee also changes. As of the end of 2015, for the type of activity under consideration, it amounts to about 40, 000 rubles.
Search and customer acquisition requires special attention. A bathhouse in Russia has long moved from the category of necessary things to the category of entertainment. However, this in no way reduces its popularity and relevance. Many owners of country houses seek, sooner or later, to enrich their own bathhouse. But the competition here is not weak. In each region there are at least two or three dozen companies that advertise their services via the Internet. To this amount you can add as many (and even more) craftsmen who are not actively advertised, but work on the recommendations of acquaintances, using the word of mouth. In addition to the actual construction of the bathhouse under the order, modular baths, bath barrels, baths on wheels, etc. are also offered. Therefore, you must be prepared for difficulties in the first stage.
To actively promote your services, you can use the following tools:
own website with examples of work, examples of projects and useful related information;
industry online and offline directories;
advertising in print media on the topic of construction, repair, garden, etc .;
advertising in glossy prints in the event that the company decided to position itself in the premium segment.
It would also be nice to rent a site, for example, within the construction market, on which the sample will be located - a reduced model of a real bath, the size of, say, 3x3. This will allow potential buyers to see with your own eyes your opportunities until the conclusion of the contract and payment of the advance. And this is a powerful argument in favor of working with you. And of course, quality, speed of work, attention to the wishes of the customer - all this will allow you to earn recommendations from satisfied customers.
How much can you earn from manufacturing baths?
The cost of a finished bath (without equipment) measuring 6x8 m made of glued timber is approximately 500, 000 rubles; log saunas may be somewhat more expensive, but, in general, their cost is approximately equal to saunas from timber. The cost of materials in this case will be 250-300 thousand rubles. The rest is the cost of work, the very earnings for which the business was organized. The construction of even a large-sized bath by a qualified team is unlikely to take more than a crescent; a modular bath can be installed in less than a week. Thus, the profit (before tax) will be up to 500 thousand rubles per month. Money is not that big, but not small. In addition, there are many ways to increase this earnings. For example, accelerate the pace of construction. Offer additional options: installation of equipment, additional insulation, fire protection system, etc .; in this case, you can act as a general contractor and attract third-party performers, receiving a certain percentage from them.
If the entrepreneur decided to master the premium segment, the cost of work can be safely multiplied by two. However, the requirements in this case for the finished object will be much stricter than with budget construction. Premium baths are usually built using precious wood, and this requires skill and honed skills.
Directions of additional earnings
Additional earnings can be provided with the help of a comprehensive offer - a “turnkey” bathhouse, when the customer receives not just a building, but a ready-to-use bathhouse with a fine finish and mounted equipment. This approach will allow you to earn money including on equipment, "winding up" a small percentage, or by receiving an additional discount from the supplier.
Many companies, having mastered the construction technology of timber and logs, do not stop at the baths. A more complex, but at the same time more profitable direction is the construction of houses - residential, country houses. There is more space for implementing an integrated approach, and, consequently, higher profitability.
But development does not end there. Having perfected the construction technology, having developed a client base, the entrepreneur can form new teams. Thus, several objects will be built simultaneously. With the proper organization of such a business, monthly profits can reach a million rubles or more.
Yet this is a matter of the future. If we talk about working with only one team, investments in the tool and licensing will be repelled only after one or two constructed facilities, provided that the participants are equal "shareholders". In the case of the use of hired workers, investments will pay for three or four finished baths.Denis Miroshnichenko
(c) www.clogicsecure.com - a portal to business plans and guidelines for starting a small business 08/18/2019