Camel breeding is uncharacteristic for Russia, however, these animals tolerate the climate well even in the central and northern regions. Of course, it is best to engage in this type of animal husbandry in the regions of dry steppes, deserts and semi-deserts, but camel farms can be established and generate income in other places with the right approach to organizing your business. At the same time, it must be said that there is a demand for camel breeding products in Russia, and the unpretentiousness of these animals makes it possible to maintain a fairly large farm at low cost, that is, such a business becomes a very profitable initiative. The number of farms in Russia is very small, so there is virtually no competition in this market, you can become the first not only in your region, but in a significant part of Russia, and even several neighboring farms are unlikely to interfere with each other's work today.
First you need to register your peasant farm (peasant farm), for this you need to contact the local tax authority. There is, of course, the opportunity to work as an individual entrepreneur, but there are no significant advantages in this form, even a simplified tax system, or rather its analogue - a single agricultural tax - is available to the peasant farm. If you take into account legal entities, it is better to choose a non-public company, a limited liability company is the best choice, but this only suits the largest farms. Peasant farming is also attractive because today the state is trying to somehow support agriculture, and working in the form of peasant farms, one can count on benefits and assistance. In some cases, when opening a very small farm, you can work in the format of a personal subsidiary farm (LPH), which, in fact, does not apply to business entities and is not taxed. True, smallholders can be considered a very small farm. In addition to simple registration, you must contact your local veterinary service for the possibility of selling your products. If it is planned to produce camel meat, it will even be necessary to slaughter animals under the supervision of a specialist, but all camel breeding products must be transferred for laboratory research, only after this you can count on obtaining a veterinary certificate that makes it possible to engage in camel breeding and marketing. There are special requirements for milk, for meat, but there are also local requirements that take into account the peculiarities of the region. Therefore, it is best to find a competent lawyer who is well versed in local legislation and contact the local regulatory authorities directly - then there will be no risk that some licensing and certification obligations will not be respected. The process of resolving all bureaucratic issues will take a couple of months in the worst cases, and you need to allocate no more than a couple of tens of thousands of rubles (for example, the state fee for registering a legal entity is 4 thousand rubles, and IP or peasant farms - even less).
Next, you need to find a place for your work. For a small herd of camels, several ares of land will be enough, it is better to start with a hectare, because the cost of renting such an area is low, especially considering that you do not have to rent agricultural land. In the southern regions, from 1.5 to 3.5 thousand rubles per year will have to be paid per hectare, moreover, it’s for good land, quite uninteresting plant growers can be rented even cheaper, and in other cases, you can agree with the local authorities to get land for long term rent at a very low price or even free of charge. On one hectare you can grow a sufficient number of camels in pens, and there is also enough space for the construction of auxiliary buildings. It is also optimal to open your own farm-based farm that grows fodder crops. Then you can significantly save on feed for your animals, that is, the feed will be delivered conditionally free of charge. The greatest costs can be precisely in the construction of facilities necessary for the maintenance of camels. These are those animals that should be kept in heated rooms in the cold season, so you need to build appropriate pens. The exact amount of funds for the construction is difficult to calculate, but you need to count on several million rubles for an average farm. Small-scale farming, of course, can be arranged for an amount within one million. In general, a farmer can save a lot if he independently takes care of improving his territory; in the case of a small farm, he can do it. That is, much depends on the chosen format of work and the entrepreneur himself. Also, in some cases, it is necessary to equip the premises for cutting carcasses, for clipping camels, for milking them, as well as purchasing appropriate tools. But these expenses cannot be called significant.
The next stage is the acquisition of breeding animals. You can buy a camel in Russia, several farms that are breeding these animals, supply young individuals at significantly reduced prices compared to foreign companies. One young camel can be bought for about 70 thousand rubles, adult animals are more expensive, but they are usually sold to circuses and zoos, they are no longer of interest to the farmer. At this stage, the entrepreneur must either understand the breeding of camels, or find a capable breeder who can accurately calculate the required number of animals and the ratio of females to males. True, some farms do not buy males at all, bringing them only at a certain time for mating, that is, they cost only one camels, which bring more profit. From abroad to bring one camel will cost about 100 thousand rubles, however, if you buy several animals at once, then the cost of one in terms of calculation will be somewhat cheaper. Take for calculation 10 animals, then you need to allocate at least 700 thousand rubles, but it is better to count on a slightly larger amount, because you need to have funds to transport these animals, although some farms take the responsibility of delivering camels.
The next point is the search for personnel at your farm, while even a relatively large herd can serve 1-2 people. For ten animals, you do not need to hire additional staff, unless, of course, the entrepreneur himself can service his farm. This is not specifically taught anywhere, so it often makes sense to just find experienced people to get the necessary knowledge. There is no point in hiring a veterinarian, especially in regions with a stable environment in which there are no epidemics. That is, it is better to find a specialist to attract him only if necessary. In general, a monthly salary fund may amount to more than 100 thousand rubles, and in some cases it will not be necessary to pay at all - if you manage on your own. As experienced people say, this is quite real. At the same time, it is also better to outsource some responsibilities, for example, in bookkeeping, because having an own, full-time, accountant is economically unprofitable. When working in rural areas, it can generally be difficult to find employees for your farm, so sometimes you have to rely on providing your employees with optimal conditions.
Now you need to consider how much will be the cost of maintaining your herd. Camels are quite unpretentious animals, while they live relatively long (30-35 years), and one animal can bring profit to its owner for a long time. At the same time, camels breed for a relatively long time, so one camel will bring cubs only once every two years, and only one. The food of camels, as already noted, can be free for the owner, but only if there are crops that are unnecessary for sale. In general, it is not necessary to buy exactly the crops traditional in the diet, for one camel a year, no more than 600 kilograms of any crops, 4.5 tons of hay and, very importantly, about 70 kilograms of minerals and salts will be required. It is believed that it is possible to feed camels almost once a week, but in fact this is not so, animals should receive good food all the time. Water is especially important for them, camels are watered twice a day, that is, care must be taken to supply clean water directly to the pens. Thus, in order to feed one animal, you need to have funds in the amount of an average of 40 thousand rubles, based on the assumption that one kilogram of salt costs 50 rubles, one kilogram of hay - 7 rubles and 6.5 rubles costs a kilogram of oats, plus additional funds for water supply. Thus, for 10 animals, 400 thousand rubles will be required, while 10 camels are a very small farm, that is, for large enterprises the amount of expenses will be several times larger.
You can earn in several directions. The first and most obvious is the sale of camel breeding products. This includes milk, meat and camel hair. I must say right away that the wool of these animals is especially valued, some consider it even more valuable than sheep’s hair, it is often used in the textile industry, and camel wool products are expensive. There is a demand for the milk of these animals, it is considered healing and very useful, although its taste, of course, differs significantly from the types of milk familiar to Russians. Finally, meat that is consumed is very small. There is practically no demand for camel meat in Russia, although some farms still sell it in large quantities. As for export, there is also no interest in this product abroad. In general, it is still better to grow camels for the sake of milk and wool, this will bring much more profit. Moreover, it is milk that turns out to be a very expensive product, it refers almost to scarce products. Some farms sell it at a price of more than one thousand rubles per liter, while one camel produces more than a thousand liters of milk per year, the exact amount depends on the breed. That is, in one milk, under ideal conditions, you can get more than one million rubles from just one camel. Of course, these are simple calculations, because the market will not consume so much milk, and there are competitors in this area, and you have to lower the price of your product. It is simpler to engage in the sale of wool, because it is very in demand at textile enterprises. One camel yields about 7 kilograms of wool per year, some breeds even up to 10 kilograms, the cost of one kilogram is about 300 rubles, that is, from one camel you can get 2.1 thousand rubles, from ten - 21 thousand. Of course, this is much less than with the sale of milk, so only for the camel's wool is bred in very large quantities. Although it must be said here that the price can vary greatly depending on the quality of the product, sometimes it is possible to sell particularly good wool for an amount 2 times larger, that is, 600 rubles per kilogram. If we assume that there will be a good demand for camel meat, then we can expect good profit due to the fact that in some regions it is sold very expensive as a delicacy. So, the starting price is about 200 rubles, but sometimes it reaches 1.5 thousand per kilogram, that is, almost 10 times more. Even if you consider it at the most modest price, then one camel can give up to 300 kilograms, that is, you can get 60 thousand rubles from it (large animals have a mass of more than 500 kilograms). Thus, it turns out that with constant study of the market and the precise determination of its needs, you can quickly get three different products, earning each, and the profit will be very significant.
Other ways of earning are raising breeding animals and renting out grown animals, as well as selling them to circuses and zoos. Camels are of interest to people, so they are relatively often used in performances and just when walking. True, in order to do this, a camel must not only be grown, but also trained, which will require the involvement of a new employee, namely a trainer. However, many circuses are ready to buy small cubs who are just weaned from their mother in order to raise them on their own. But still, one should not be surprised that some companies require animals that are already somehow tamed to humans, and are not simply domesticated. Also, a camel is a riding and pack animal. Here, the price depends on many factors, varies depending on the region, but as a source of additional income can be quite seen on farms. Selling breeding animals can bring a lot of money at all, because you can sell an annual camel for an amount twice as large as it took to keep it. However, given the poor fecundity of these animals, exclusively breeding only makes sense on very large farms, otherwise you have to deal with other areas. For some entrepreneurs, breeding camels for the sale of live animals becomes just a source of additional income, because they can be raised by doing other types of agriculture, since camels can be raised on the same farm with horses (but not in the same pens and not even too close to each other) from a friend), as well as engaging in crop production.
In general, this direction of agriculture can be very profitable, and the lack of competition makes it easy to conquer the market and establish ties with many enterprises. Camels turn out to be very profitable for keeping animals, according to farmers, one camel is no more expensive to maintain than a cow, and given that this is not the most characteristic representative of the Russian fauna, it can be said that these animals are unpretentious. The combination of several directions allows you to earn considerable money on these animals, often the profit of one small farm exceeds one million rubles, and if you find enough outlets for milk and meat, you can count on several million a year. By the way, not every branch of agriculture and even animal husbandry can be characterized by such indicators. There are no serious restrictions on the region of work, not only farmers in the south of Russia can make money on camels, they will not endure the coldest winters very well, and some entrepreneurs are engaged in such business even in Siberia. Given that agriculture is now trying to develop, we can also consider types of animal husbandry that are atypical for Russia. There are, of course, risks in this direction, it is better for inexperienced breeders not to start growing camels without studying the conditions of their maintenance in detail. Particular attention should be paid to the maintenance of camels, along with other farm animals, even goats and sheep can be carriers of dangerous diseases that do not manifest themselves in them, but are fatal for callopods. There have been many cases when livestock deaths began due to an epidemic. Well, of course, there are still conditions of detention that must be observed in order to preserve the health and life of their animals.
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