Own business: production of change houses

* The calculations use the average data for the World 150 000 ₽

Minimum starting capital

from 60 000 to 90 000 ₽

Average cost of a change house

from 3 months


up to 1 200 000 ₽


Change houses are called temporary utility rooms that are used for living and for storage of various tools, inventory, equipment, etc. For the same purposes, block containers are also used, which have a metal frame that provides them with greater reliability and resistance to even the most adverse weather conditions.

However, block containers cost significantly more than change houses, so the latter are more popular. In addition, cabins are simple to manufacture (require less materials and are built faster), and the business of manufacturing and selling them requires relatively small investments (compared, for example, with the production of containers). For these reasons, the production of cabins can be a good idea for organizing your own business.

Determined with the type of cabins

As a rule, all cabins that are sold in our country can be divided into two main types:

  • Construction

  • Garden (or country).

The differences between them are not only in the name, but also in the materials used. Garden cabins are made of wooden beams and various materials with wood content. On the one hand, such a change house is used for its intended purpose - as a place of temporary residence and storage of garden equipment, and on the other hand, it also performs decorative functions, therefore such change houses are often additionally decorated.

They are used as houses for living in the summer, as sheds for storing tools, as workshops and even as baths (with some alterations). In addition, they are often additionally insulated. In winter, in such a change house, of course, it is not very comfortable, but with additional heating you can live in it even in the cold season.

Unlike summer cottages, construction cabins are made, as a rule, from a stronger and more practical material - metal. The choice of material is determined by the operating conditions: construction cabins must withstand numerous relocations from one construction site to another. There are also construction change houses made of wood, but, as a rule, the quality of the material in this case will be worse. In this case, the main emphasis is on reliability and durability. There are also combined models with elements of a wooden beam and metal

At first glance, the range of company for the manufacture of change houses is very limited. But diversity is achieved through a large number of different layout options. In addition, cabins can consist not of one room, but of two. As a rule, the majority of medium and large manufacturers sell standard versions of their products and produce custom designs for any purpose, while small companies that do not have space for warehouses for storing materials prefer to work on order and make relatively simple models of change houses. And in fact, and in another case, there are advantages.

In the first case, the cost of construction is lower, and productivity is ten times greater. But the organization of such a “streaming” production requires impressive investments. When working under an order, well-established companies charge up to 70% of the cost of an order from customers. So they do not spend their own money on the purchase of materials and the rental of floor space.

Of course, profitability in this case will be significantly lower. And the number of orders is usually limited by the number of people working in production, and the size of the workshop area. There is one more minus of this format of work: for the customer to agree to deposit more than half the money before the start of work, his contractor must have an excellent reputation. Such clients, as a rule, come "on word of mouth", which must be taken into account when planning an advertising campaign.

Think about exactly where your production will be located. The width of the standard cabins is 2.3 meters and the minimum length is 3 meters. Moreover, each subsequent size of the model range leads to an increase in the dimensions of the structure by at least a meter. For assembly work of such a design will require a large area. Their main part (assembly) can be carried out outdoors, but under a canopy and not on bare ground. The preparation of individual components is best done indoors. Although in this case, you can do with 50 square meters. meters. When you switch to industrial volumes, larger areas will be required - a closed workshop with an area of ​​at least 500 square meters. meters.

Manufacturing technology

The technology for manufacturing change houses is quite simple and involves several stages. First, the frame of the future design is made, which is the basis for the entire structure. When creating wooden structures, a high-strength beam is used as a frame. In the case of metal structures, construction also begins with the construction of the frame, but this time from metal. It would seem that creating a framework for such a simple design does not take much time.

However, highly qualified specialists should be engaged in its design, because a high-quality frame must withstand a multi-level structure when the containers are installed on top of each other (first of all, this concerns construction change houses). In the manufacture of a change house, the manufacturer must take into account the customer's requirements regarding reusable assembly of the structure (for example, the fastening system of wooden structures involves a significantly smaller number of assemblies than fasteners of metal components).

The next step is the external cladding of the structure. For this, various materials can be used - metal sheets, wooden lining and even sandwich panels. But when using steel sheets, their surfaces must be treated with special anti-corrosion compounds.

Otherwise, the service life of such a change house will be short-lived. The roof of such structures is made, as a rule, flat. Firstly, this allows to reduce the consumption of materials, and, secondly, makes it possible to install one design on another. Nevertheless, there are cabins with pitched roofs (mainly intended for garden plots), finished with various roofing materials. The roof is usually covered with a galvanized profile, and the base is made of metal.

The next step is the insulation of the structure and its inner lining. This is done not only for aesthetic reasons. High-quality insulation and properly selected material for lining can improve the performance properties of the house. Moreover, not only walls can be insulated, but also the floor and ceiling. For this, various materials with thermal insulation properties (mineral wool, synthetic thermal insulation materials) are used. The internal walls are sheathed with plastic and wooden lining, hardboard, drywall, MDF and other finishing materials.

The floor is covered with chipboard (usually 16 mm or more) or floorboards (recommended thickness is 28 mm). To increase wear resistance and service life, linoleum is also laid on top (it is considered an additional set, which increases the cost of the change house by 4-5 thousand rubles). Do not forget about the technical equipment of the cabins: laying a power supply network, heating, ventilation, water supply. All this also comes at an extra cost.

At the last stage, windows and doors are inserted. Although the size of doors and window openings can be varied, as a rule, wooden and metal-plastic frames and doors of specified sizes are used for mass production of change houses (not on order). Windows can also be additionally protected by bars and shutters.

Please note: the process of manufacturing change houses should be carried out in strict accordance with the current Construction Norms and Regulations (Building Norms and Rules), as well as other regulatory documents that specify the requirements for the quality and safety of such structures. Carefully select suppliers of materials for your production: all materials used must be safe for humans.

For the manufacture of one change house, at least three people will be required, one of whom will be engaged in cutting and welding of components, and the other two - in the assembly of the structure. For work, you will need hand and power tools, as well as a welding machine. As production increases, it is worth considering the acquisition of a manipulator, which will significantly increase efficiency and productivity. Three people can erect one cabin in three to five days.

Price categories for cabins

As a rule, cabins are made in three price categories - economy class, standard and "elite", which allows to satisfy any demand. In order to increase profits and profitability, small producers, in addition to change houses, also manufacture children's play houses, summer outdoor toilets and showers, decorative fencing, etc. For this purpose, waste from the production of change houses is used: small pieces of lining, plywood, metal, etc. firms is from 3-4 to 8 cabins per month. Medium and large companies with their own production base are also engaged in block containers, wagon houses and frame structures. The volume of their production is, on average, about fifty cabins per month.

Regardless of the size of your enterprise, it must have an engineer, as well as sales managers. An engineer develops drawings and ensures that the finished product is fully consistent with the requirements. Sales managers provide sales of finished products. Change houses are a specific product. Despite the relatively low price and breadth of their application, it will not be so easy to find buyers. Competition in this market segment is estimated by experts as high. True, small firms predominate here, and the products of many of them are not of high quality.

However, in order to succeed, you can not rely only on the quality of your designs. You must offer your customers additional service. Since the cabins are a bulky cargo, the organization of their transportation to the place of constant operation often turns into a headache for buyers (especially if they are individuals, and not companies with their own freight transport).

If you take all the cares associated with the delivery of goods to your customers, you can be sure that they will be satisfied with working with you and will definitely recommend you to their friends and acquaintances. If possible, also offer the installation of your cabins (of course, for an additional fee). Thus, you can kill two birds with one stone: increase customer loyalty and reduce the risk of structural damage during transportation and assembly. Organization of delivery does not require significant investments from you: for this it is not necessary to purchase your own freight transport. You can simply conclude an agreement with the transport company, which will be beneficial for both parties.

The financial component of the organization of production of change houses

To organize a small production of change houses, it will take from 150 thousand rubles. The average cost of materials required for the construction of one structure is about 30-35 thousand rubles. This amount is very approximate and directly depends on the size of the change house, the materials used, the region (first of all, the cost of transporting all materials to the assembly place). The second significant cost item is the remuneration of your workers.

Two options are possible here: payroll (from 10-15 thousand rubles, depending on the region) or piece-rate pay (from 1 thousand rubles per day of work). The latter option is more advantageous if your company does not have so many orders so as to ensure full workload of its employees. Thus, the cost of the cabins, taking into account the cost of the material and the wages of collectors, is 30-40 thousand rubles. With an accurate calculation, it is necessary to take into account such expenses as renting an area, transportation costs, expenses for advertising, for the purchase of tools and equipment, etc.

The retail cost of one design varies between 60-90 thousand rubles (the exact amount depends on the size of the structure and the presence / type of finish). From the sale of one cabins you can gain from 25 thousand rubles. But first, you will still need to find customers and buyers. For a small company, there is an objective limitation on the volume of the order, which it is able to fulfill independently. Large construction companies place orders for the manufacture of 10-15 structures at once (the profit from such an order will be from 350 thousand rubles). A team of three people can build in a month no more than 7-8 change houses (and even with full workload). Obviously, the larger your production, the higher the profit.

In the future, as incomes expand and increase, experts recommend investing in design work. Believe me, such investments will pay off handsomely. For example, now collapsible cabins, which are produced by one Russian company, are very popular. Such houses can be disassembled and transported from place to place with minimal costs. In addition, they can be arranged together, creating entire multi-story structures with any number of rooms. An additional source of income may be the rental of such cabins for rent.

Do not forget about advertising. Although it is most effective in this case to work directly with potential customers - construction companies, however, for small volumes of production, you will have to look for buyers, including among individuals. Place your ads in advertising publications that are distributed free of charge, on bulletin boards and posts in horticultural partnerships, on the Internet - on regional sites and forums.

Leaflets in this case will not work, but without business cards with your contacts can not do. If at first you yourself will perform the functions of a sales and customer service manager, then your phone should always be available (it is desirable that the number is landline - short and easy to remember). If possible, make a site with examples of your work, prices and contacts. The simplest option with minimal knowledge can be done independently or with the help of friends. And even if you don’t have the means to promote it, such a site can be used as an online catalog with layout options and photos of your cabins.

Sysoeva Lilia

(c) www.clogicsecure.com - a portal to business plans and guidelines for starting a small business 08/18/2019

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