Own business: production of mesh netting

* The calculations use the average data for the World

Whatever the situation on the real estate market, it is safe to say that the demand for building materials will remain at the same high level over the next few years as it is now. These include, for example, the so-called Rabitsa net. It is used to create various fences, for sifting bulk materials (for example, sand) that are used in construction, for thermal insulation works, for fastening mine workings. In addition, this type of net is widely used for the construction of animal enclosures. Due to its structure, the Rabitsa net does not create shading on the enclosed area, unlike solid fences made of wood or concrete.

Rabitsa what is? The chain-link mesh is made of low-carbon steel wire, galvanized wire or polymer coated wire. In some cases (mainly on request), such a mesh can be made of stainless steel. These materials are easy to purchase. Mesh is made on a special machine that twists wire spirals with a flat turn between them. At large enterprises, high-performance mesh-braiding semi-automatic machines are used. The chain-link grid can be of two types, depending on the shape of the cells: woven rhombic and woven square.

The finished Rabitsa net is wound into rolls 1.5 meters high and 10 meters long. However, at the request of the customer, the height of the mesh can be from 1 to 4 meters. True, the maximum mesh length in a roll is, as a rule, no more than 18 meters, which is due to technological reasons. If manual or simple machines are used for the manufacture of netting, the ends of the rolls do not bend. In the same case, when special automatic machines for weaving the mesh are used for production, the ends of the mesh in the roll are bent, because of which they are interconnected. The sharp edges of the rolls are often wrapped in thick paper or polyethylene for easy transportation.

So, organizing your own small workshop or large-scale production of netting netting can be a profitable business. This option is also suitable for beginning entrepreneurs who do not yet have much experience in this field. To produce such a grid, there is no need to rent large areas for the workshop (unless you need a place to store finished products). In addition, another undoubted advantage of such a business is that you can start it even without a large start-up capital. Of course, with small investments, the profitability of production will be significantly lower, as well as your profit. However, you will have the opportunity to study all the nuances of work, create a customer base and invest in the development of your business. The simplest semi-automatic machine with electric foot control for the production of mesh netting will cost 30 thousand rubles. It consists of an unwinder, a take-up mechanism, a curling mechanism, and a special desktop. Such a machine allows you to produce a mesh netting with square cells from 25 to 75 mm and with diamond cells. The average productivity of the machine when winding a mesh with mesh 55 mm and a mesh height of 1.5 meters is 250 meters of mesh per shift (which is equal to 25 rolls of 10 meters of mesh each). The diameter of the wire with which such a machine can work is 1.2-3 mm. The principle of operation of such equipment is extremely simple: first, the wire is wound on the drum, then passed through a bending machine, which bends it in the right places. At this point, you can set the width of the cell, making it larger or smaller. Then the curved wire is cut into segments of a given length, the resulting workpieces are intertwined with each other in a separate order, as a result of which a characteristic weaving of the Rabits grid is created. One worker will cope with work on a semi-automatic machine. The total working area of ​​one machine is 2 square meters. meter. It does not require special knowledge for configuration, debugging and operation, although, of course, it is inferior in performance and convenience to automatic equipment (in the latter case, a person performs only the functions of a controller and does not take part in weaving a mesh).

Most often, wire with a diameter of 1.6-2.2 mm is used to produce a mesh with weaving Rabitsa. One coil of wire costs an average of 20 thousand rubles. Unpainted wire will cost less, dyed wire is a little more expensive. However, buyers are quite conservative in their preferences and usually choose a grid of unpainted wire. Color netting can be made to order. There are no special requirements for a room for working with semi-automatic equipment. It can even be an ordinary garage or other non-residential premises. The main thing is that you can connect the equipment to a source of electricity. Small batches of netting can be delivered to construction stores or directly to end customers by placing ads in print media (for example, in free newspapers with ads) and on bulletin boards on the Internet. Normal ads printed on a printer and pasted in the private sectors of your city and outside it - in horticultural partnerships also work well. But it is worth considering the fact that most buyers will want you to ensure that they deliver the grid to their destination. Therefore, it is desirable to have at your disposal a car of sufficient capacity (for example, "Gazelle").

The optimal organizational form for opening a mesh production workshop is an individual entrepreneur. If you choose a simplified taxation scheme, then your tax deductions will include: income tax, single social tax and income tax.

With investments up to 100 thousand rubles. and production volumes of 200-250 meters of mesh per shift, you can recoup all your costs during the first year of operation of your workshop. If, from the very beginning, you decide to organize a large production of Rabitz mesh, you will need a lot more money to start your business. First of all, you will need more powerful automatic equipment that allows you to produce mesh in large quantities. The performance of the Chinese netting machine is about 100 square meters. meters per hour with a maximum web width of 4 meters. The width of such a line reaches 10 meters, and the length is about 6-7 meters. The cost of an automatic line is from 800 thousand rubles. and higher. Experts advise considering machines in the price range from 1 to 1.5 million rubles. Add to this the cost of equipment delivery: 100-150 thousand rubles.

Accordingly, you will need a large area for the placement of such a machine. When calculating, take into account the fact that for servicing a large line it will take about three people per shift (based on the calculation of the senior shift and two workers).

The shift supervisor monitors the observance of production technology, exercises control over the workers of the workshop and is engaged in the warehouse. At first, these duties can be performed by yourself. However, do not underestimate their importance. The reputation and success of your enterprise, and, consequently, your profit, directly depend on the quality of your products. Large manufacturing enterprises sell their products to both end customers and other companies. Most of the grid is sold through construction and hardware stores, as well as wholesale companies, which in turn work with large retail chains and industrial enterprises. Manufacturers that produce nets in large quantities usually do not work directly with individuals, but they can take part in various tenders held by large customers - industrial enterprises. In the latter case, you will need a corporate client manager who will search for customers.

The payroll fund, the purchase of raw materials and other current expenses will require up to 1 million rubles. per month. Thus, at least 2.5 million rubles will be required to organize a large grid production workshop.

We calculate the profit of such an enterprise. When the workshop operates in one shift during an eight-hour working day, the average output per month is about 13.5-14 thousand square meters. meters of mesh. The wholesale price for a netting netting is about 100 rubles. per square meter. The price primarily depends on the material the mesh is made of and the size of its cells. Thus, with these averaged data, the revenue of the enterprise producing the grid is about 1 million rubles. per month. When calculating the cost, the material consumption for mesh production is taken into account, which is 1.5 kg of wire for manufacturing a square meter of mesh with a small mesh size. Also consider the energy consumption for its manufacture (6-7 kW per shift, depending on the equipment used and production volumes). The profitability of production of mesh netting is about 9-10%. In this case, you can recoup all your investments in the organization of the workshop within 2-2.5 years. The main difficulty is to provide constant sales channels for their products. However, even with relatively high competition in the production of such building materials, demand in many Russian regions still exceeds supply. If there is a sales market and maximum workload with a decrease in production costs, the payback period is quite possible to reduce to 1.5 years.

Sysoeva Lilia

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