Own business: production of thermal panels

* In calculations, the average data for the World of Thermopanels (or heat panels) is used - this is a modern building material that has excellent thermal insulation properties, as well as a long service life. The demand for this material increases with increasing energy prices for heating residential areas. Owners of private houses and apartments begin to think about how to save on this significant item of expenditure, and one of the solutions to this problem is wall insulation.

In principle, none of the modern types of insulation is ideal. All of them, to one degree or another, require additional protection from moisture, wind and sunlight. For example, polystyrene and mineral wool after fixing on the wall must be covered with plaster, siding or tile. All this increases the time and cost of performing work on home insulation. And in this regard, thermal panels seem to be an ideal option. They act as insulation and decoration of the facade of the building at the same time. When installing them, two types of work are not required to be performed at once, as with separate installation of insulation and decor. Thermal panels have soundproofing functions and represent a modern look of facade materials. Thus, the production of thermal panels can be called a profitable and fast-paced business.

The main advantages of facade thermal panels over other technologies for facade decoration: effective building insulation, the ability to use both for the construction of a new building and for reconstruction on any surfaces and types of walls, rich colors, attractive appearance of a brick-like lining (smooth or textured), long service life (more than fifty years), simplicity and speed of installation of heat panels, the ability to conduct facing work, regardless of weather conditions, the exclusion of "wet" processes When installing, the purity and precision docking panels, environmental safety technology used and the materials themselves.

What are thermal panels? One panel consists of several components: cladding, insulation and embedded metal profiles. The basis for cladding is high-strength concrete, which consists of cement of grade 500 and granite screenings of grade 1200. The cladding is made with minimal use of water, so this facade has no pores and microcracks and, therefore, it does not absorb water and is more resistant to low temperatures, than other, more porous materials. At the same time, the facing of facade thermal panels has no restrictions on colors and shades. As a heater in the production of thermal panels, a polystyrene foam plate with a thickness of 5-10 cm is used. This material has heat-insulating properties and is used as a heater. In the manufacture of thermal panels, polystyrene is glued to the facing part, and in the process of working on the facade cladding, adhesive compositions are used to fix them. Finally, embedded metal profiles are intended for additional fixing of thermal panels on the facade. Embedded profiles during the production of thermal panels are fixed inside the concrete body. When facing, they are fixed with the help of serrated edges in the facing (holes for dowels are specially made on them).

The technology for the production of thermal panels is quite complex. Simplified, it can be represented in the form of the following steps. At the preparatory stage, the foam polystyrene granules - the main raw material for the production of panels - are foamed and dried. Then, clinker tiles and fasteners for fixing the panel to the wall are laid in the block form. After that, foam granules are loaded onto them. The molds are heated with steam, as a result of which the granules expand and the composition fills the entire mold. This is the formation of the thermal panel. In a vacuum unit, the finished panel is cooled. And at the last stage, it is left to "ripen" for 24 hours.

For the production of facade thermal panels, special equipment will be required. The minimum set includes: equipment for the production of foam (pre-foams, ripening hoppers, etc.), equipment for the manufacture of thermal panels themselves (block molds, a steam generator, a vacuum installation, etc.), auxiliary equipment (fan, air bag, etc.). ), equipment for the production of clinker tiles (kiln and molds). The latter equipment is not the most necessary, and many small industries do without it, purchasing ready-made clinker tiles from wholesale companies. On the one hand, it really helps to significantly save on the purchase of equipment, and on the other, the cost of your heat panels will be higher. At the same time, keep in mind that one of the few advantages of a new manufacturer can be an affordable price with good quality products. The higher the cost of your panels, the less will be your profit.

With the search for equipment problems, most likely, will not arise. The Russian market offers a wide selection of line models with different capacities and costs. At the same time, you can choose the optimal line for both large production (with high productivity and fully automated), and for a small enterprise (with relative low power).

We calculate the main costs of organizing the industrial production of thermal panels with a productivity of 360 panels per shift. The main expense items are the rental of the premises, its repair and preparation, the acquisition of equipment and the first batch of raw materials. All this will require about 4.5-5 million rubles, including the purchase of equipment in a complete set, that is, together with a line for the production of clinker tiles. An area of ​​at least 250 square meters is required to accommodate a fully equipped production line. meters, and for its maintenance will require a staff of workers in the amount of 14-15 people. The average annual profitability of such production is 20%. And according to preliminary estimates, the enterprise will reach the level of self-sufficiency in a year and a half from the beginning of work.

However, it is quite possible to get by with smaller investments. For example, for an enterprise with a productivity of not more than one hundred panels per shift without equipment for the production of clinker tiles, 1.5 million rubles will be required. In this case, you can save on the production area. To accommodate such a line is enough 120 square meters. meters. Seven people will be enough for her service. The average annual profitability of such production is 15-17%. And the payback period will increase by 1.5-2 times.

But the payback period of production in both cases can be significantly reduced if you manage to quickly market your products. Potential buyers include construction companies (specializing in low-rise construction), companies engaged in repair finishing work, shops and building materials bases, as well as private individuals. Individuals purchase thermal panels for the construction and repair of their houses and summer cottages.

The production of thermal panels is a seasonal business (like any other business related to the production and sale of building materials). The peak of sales falls between May and October. In winter, sales are minimal.

Sysoeva Lilia

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