Decoration of any dining table begins with a tablecloth. The tablecloth serves as the main background, sets the tone and mood of the meal. An old, dirty, ugly tablecloth will spoil the impression of even the most delicious meal. The history of the tablecloth goes back many centuries. Even in Ancient Egypt, tables were covered with cloth embroidered with gold threads. In Russia, festive tablecloths were made from bleached linen and decorated with bright embroidery. It is also difficult to imagine a modern interior without a tablecloth, because even supporters of minimalism recognize it, as it perfectly protects the countertop from scratches.
The most common fabrics for table linen are linen and thick cotton damask with a shiny surface on which a matte pattern is woven. The cost of fabric is from 200 to 4000 rubles per linear meter (width 2.5 - 3 meters). A more refined version of the tablecloth is silk. Silver instruments and candlesticks look beautiful against the background of silk. Many factories that manufacture tablecloths prefer to work with imported materials, as they have higher quality, although the price is sometimes ten times more expensive than Russian-made fabric. This preference is explained simply: domestic manufacturers give good samples, and then deliver goods that differ from the sample.
Opening a table linen business does not require a large start-up investment, you need to rent a suitable room and purchase some equipment, which depends on the scale of the proposed production. One of the main components of success is to establish distribution channels for products.
The main sales area is home goods stores, tableware shops and custom-made work. The supply of tablecloths and napkins for cafes and restaurants is a rather profitable line of business. The most popular colors of tablecloths are white, burgundy, navy blue and beige. The minimum supply of table linen in a cafe is 3 sets, one is on the table, one is clean, one is in the wash. In addition, cafes and restaurants order the so-called skirts for banquet tables, which are sewn according to a special pattern.
Tablecloths are needed for hotels, resorts, various government agencies. As a rule, tenders are announced for the supply of material. All information on commercial tenders and government tenders is easy to find on the Internet. To participate in tenders, it is better to register your business as an LLC, and not as an individual entrepreneur.
There are several ways to organize the production of table linen. For small production, the work of homeworkers is used, but this type of business does not allow working with large orders, and the production process cannot be controlled. More volume orders are placed in specialized ateliers. And finally, for the full-scale production of table linen, they will equip their own sewing workshops.
To open your own production of tablecloths and napkins, you must first familiarize yourself with the requirements for the premises of the sewing shops. The production area should consist of at least four parts: a workshop, a warehouse for raw materials, a warehouse for finished products, and a household room for workers. It is advisable to divide the working room into cut-out and sewing. Sewing workshops are usually located on the ground floor. If floors above the first are used, then the building should be equipped with freight elevators or outdoor lifts.
Since textile dust has flammable and explosive properties, it is necessary to install forced air ventilation units. Interior decoration should be easy to clean and not flammable.
If the workshop is located on the upper floors, you should take care of the sound insulation of the floor, since sound waves from working machines propagate vertically downward.
Power supply of the workshop requires the presence of industrial three-phase voltage and mandatory grounding. Almost all industrial equipment is powered by a voltage of 380 volts. Electrical wiring must be hidden in special boxes, and sockets are used only closed type.
Lighting should be 60 percent natural, but direct sunlight should not fall on employees' workplaces. For artificial lighting, fluorescent lamps are used. Walls should be painted white.
Now about the equipment necessary for the production of table linen. Cutting fabric and cutting tablecloths and napkins can be done manually. An industrial cutting table costs from 15 thousand rubles, a manual machine for cutting fabric - about 20 thousand rubles. Automatic equipment for cutting rolled fabric costs from 400 thousand rubles. Industrial sewing machine costs from 15 thousand rubles. An embroidery machine costs from 70 thousand rubles. A machine for curly processing the edges of products can be purchased for 100 thousand rubles. Ironing equipment will cost 30 thousand rubles.
The cost of production of a tablecloth depends, first of all, on what material was used for sewing: domestic or imported. Making a tablecloth from Russian flax will cost from 300 rubles. In retail, it costs from 700 rubles. Table linen made from expensive Spanish linen can be sewn for 3000 rubles. In stores, sets of linen cost from 4, 500 rubles. When performing bulk orders, the margin, of course, is much lower, and is no more than 30 percent.
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