Fruit jellies as desserts are inferior in popularity to chocolate products, but many buy them to diversify their diet. In addition, jellies have one important feature - low energy value. Perhaps, a little sweet dish will be so in demand by people who want to maintain harmony.
The most convenient form of jelly packaging is small plastic cups with a foil lid. A cover is usually applied to attract customers, as well as all the necessary information about the product.
To open own production of fruit jelly, you need a production room in which equipment, a warehouse of raw materials and a warehouse of finished products will be located. The premises must comply with a number of requirements for food production and set forth in the "Sanitary and Hygienic Requirements for Food and Processing Enterprises". In order not to make a mistake in choosing a room, it is better to consult either with the employees of Rospotrebnadzor, who will give permission to open the enterprise, or with the organization to which you will order the design of the production room.
If the reconstruction of the premises is necessary, then first it is necessary to obtain permission from the administration of the settlement for re-planning and improving the production area.
The next stage is the creation of a production project, which will reflect the location of equipment and working areas suitable for this type of production. The project has the following sections: architectural, technological, energy supply, water supply and heating, ventilation and air conditioning, fire safety, labor protection. The project must comply with statutory standards. The cost of creating a project of a production facility is from 2 thousand rubles per square meter.
On the basis of the project, the Rospotrebnadzor makes a sanitary-hygienic conclusion, and then a permit is issued for opening the production. In addition to coordination with the Rospotrebnadzor, coordination with the fire safety institutions, the management of water supply services, the energy sales service and the architectural department is required.
It is also necessary to coordinate with Rospotrebnadzor the assortment list of products. After approval, the sanitary doctors of Rospotrebnadzor develop a production control program that reflects the procedure and frequency of quality control of raw materials and finished products in accordance with the standards existing in the food industry.
The list of documents that must be submitted to Rospotrebnadzor for obtaining a permit includes a certificate of registration with the tax authority, a certificate of state registration of a legal entity (OGRN), an extract from the unified state register of legal entities (USRLE), an information letter about statistics codes, lease / sublease / certificate of ownership of the applicant’s premises, BTI plan (explication), previous sanitary and epidemiological conclusion (if any), assortment per the price of the products being sold (manufactured), the redevelopment project agreed with Rospotrebnadzor (if there was a redevelopment of the facility), the technological project agreed with Rospotrebnadzor, the production control plan, the contract for pest control and decontamination, the contract for the removal of solid waste, the contract for washing special clothing, the contract for the disposal of fluorescent lamps, an agreement with a medical center for medical examinations of employees, an agreement on the cleaning and disinfection of ventilation and air conditioning systems, a work record book cleaning and disinfection of ventilation systems, a register of disinfectants, personal medical records staff.
Starting investments for opening the production of canned fruit jelly will amount to about 1.5 million rubles, except for the funds for the purchase of the production premises.
Jelly is obtained by cooking unlit or clarified fruit juices with sugar or sweeteners and gelling agents. Juices can be concentrated or flavored. It is possible to add food acids and dyes to the product.
High-quality jelly is obtained from the juices of fruits and berries, which have good gelling properties, for example, blackcurrant, gooseberries, nerds, raspberries, apples, quinces.
Juice gels at a pectin content of 1%. If pectin is not enough, agar is added. Durable jelly forms a solution of agar in hot water with a solids concentration of 0.2-0.3%. Agar is obtained by extraction from red algae. It is produced in places where algae grows and is imported to Russia. The cost of 650-750 rubles per kilogram.
With low acidity, citric or tartaric acid is added. Sugar not only improves the taste of the product, but also contributes to the process of gelation.
For the manufacture of canned jelly, it is best to use clarified natural concentrated or sulfitated juices, which must first be freed from SO by heating. Fruit juices for food production are delivered in barrels or containers. Frozen juices are transported in tanks and can be stored at -10 degrees for up to 365 days, and at -18 degrees for up to 550 days. The cost of a kilogram of juice is from 60 rubles. The cheapest juice is orange.
In addition to juice, agar, sugar and citric acid, canned jelly contains drinking water, and a food preservative, usually sodium sorbate. If necessary, food coloring and flavoring agents are added.
Boiling juice is produced in a vacuum apparatus at a temperature of 70-80 degrees. The process of boiling up to 65-68 percent solids content lasts no more than 30 minutes. Then citric acid, agar and other ingredients are added, followed by packaging in containers.
Ready jelly should be a solidified transparent homogeneous mass, the content of foam and air bubbles is not allowed. Jelly should have the taste and aroma typical of the original juice.
A vacuum boiler designed for cooking and evaporation of food products costs from 200 thousand rubles. Automatic filling equipment for sealing into plastic cups of the finished product will cost more, at least 500 thousand rubles. A refrigeration unit for storing raw materials with a volume of 3 cubic meters costs from 33 thousand.
Packaging for jelly can be ordered at the enterprises engaged in the production of plastic containers. The cost of one cup with a bulk order will be from 50 kopecks to 1 ruble. Usually packaged in jelly 150 grams. Lids made of foil with a pattern for sealing plastic containers, as a rule, are produced by the same enterprises as the container itself.
The cost of production and packaging of 150 grams of fruit jelly on average is about 10 rubles. Wholesale customers can sell products for 15 rubles. Thus, the company is not only profitable, but also very profitable. The main thing is to find reliable ways to implement jelly.
The image, product name and consumer information corresponding to GOST are applied to the cover. You can order a cover design to a freelance designer, the cost of work will be 5-10 thousand rubles.
According to GOST R 51074-2003 “Food products. Information for the consumer. General requirements ”on food packaging must contain reliable information printed in Russian, allowing the consumer to make the right choice. The text can be duplicated in foreign languages or languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation.
The name must be unambiguously understood and not mislead the buyer. For example, "Cherry Jelly." Next to the name you can place information about the distinguishing features of the product, for example, "with natural juice" or "with pieces of fruit."
Writing “Eco-friendly” on the label is prohibited, and information like “Vitaminized” or “Without preservatives” must have confirmation from the manufacturer.
Next to the product name is allowed the location of the brand name, if registered. Trademark registration is recommended to protect your product from unscrupulous competitors. How the registration process goes will be mentioned below.
The name and location of the manufacturer (legal address) must be indicated without fail. If the places of production and packaging do not match, then this is also indicated on the packaging.
The following is the information about the net weight in grams or kilograms and the composition of the product. The section "Product Composition" provides a list of all ingredients in order of decreasing mass fraction. If the mass fraction of a component is less than 2%, you can omit it. Mandatory information on the use of food additives, flavorings, preservatives, as well as genetically modified foods. After indicating the group name of the food supplement, indicate its index according to the International Digital System or the European Digital System. If flavoring is used, then its type is specified: “natural”, “artificial” or “identical to natural”.
In the section “Nutritional value”, calorie content or energy value, the content of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, macro- and microelements are indicated.
Also required is information on the storage conditions of the jelly, the expiration date and date of manufacture.
Fruit jelly is not subject to mandatory certification, but if voluntary certification has been carried out, a mark on this must be put on the package.
In addition to the mandatory information, food packaging may contain any other information that does not contradict the legislation of the Russian Federation, including advertising. The fruit jelly producer can be recommended to focus on the low calorie content of this product.
Registration of one's own trademark (trademark, sign, logo - in Russia these concepts mean the same thing) is necessary so that other entrepreneurs cannot use it or similar designations. For a successful business, this is absolutely necessary. This service is provided by patent offices and various legal organizations. The entrepreneur submits the necessary documents, then the trademark is checked, and after some time registration is carried out and a certificate is issued. The cost of the procedure is about 15 thousand rubles.
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