Production of pillows with natural fillers: buckwheat, bamboo, juniper, cedar

* The calculations use average data for the World. Modern life is filled with stresses, which, of course, does not affect human health in the best way, in particular, as the quality of sleep. That is why pillows and mattresses with natural plant fillers, such as buckwheat and cedar, have become so popular recently. The production of pillows, mattresses, blankets with natural fillers does not require expensive equipment, large production facilities, or highly qualified personnel. As a rule, it is enough to rent a workshop and a warehouse where raw materials and finished goods will be stored. Production equipment consists mainly of cutting tables (average price 10 - 12 thousand rubles) and sewing machines (price from 5 thousand rubles).

Products are sold in health goods stores, in medical equipment stores, orthopedic stores, bedding stores, furniture stores, as well as in specialized online stores.

Pillows and mattresses made of buckwheat Buckwheat husk has the shape of pyramids, inside of which there is air, due to which the pillow, filled with buckwheat husk, has good air permeability and for a long time maintains a constant temperature and absorbs excess moisture. The skin and muscles are massaged during sleep by buckwheat pyramids, this relieves tension, helps treat headaches. Buckwheat pillows and mattresses easily take the shape of the body, this gives the correct position during sleep, which is also important for a healthy rest and prevents the development of various diseases of the spine. Many people like the natural flavor of buckwheat husk.

Husk is obtained after processing buckwheat. The crop is brought to the grinder, where the previously steamed grain is separated from the fruit shell in a special drum for separation. The husk retains the shape of the pyramid during separation, and when it dries, it closes. The result is tiny hollow boxes that serve as an excellent filler for pillows and mattresses. Cleaning husk consists of four stages. First, fragments of straw, sticks and other garbage are removed, then calibration occurs, when whole boxes are separated from damaged ones, buckwheat dust is removed next, and finally the husk is steamed to disinfect and give it strength and elasticity. The cleaning procedure is long and expensive, but it is necessary to create high-quality raw materials. Untreated husk crumbles and turns to dust during the first months of use.

It is worth buying husk only from reliable manufacturers, after making sure of the quality of the products. How well the husk is cleaned, it is easy to check: on a white sheet of paper you need to pour a handful of husks, and then carefully remove. If the sheet remains clean and there is no dust, then this is an excellent hypoallergenic material.

The husk for premium pillows is packaged in bags and bags. The cost of a bag weighing 10 kilograms is 250 rubles. The volume of the bag is 0.1 cubic meters. For bulk purchases, the price per kilogram of husk can be 16-17 rubles per kilogram. It is easy to find out the shipping cost using the calculator on the website of a suitable transport company. Some husk producers offer paid delivery of goods to the regions.

It is very important to choose the right material for the pillowcase. The fabric should be thin, natural and breathable. Very beautiful and durable pillows are obtained from jacquard-satin, thin and soft cotton fabric of dense weaving. Jacquard-satin is smooth and shiny, the husk in such a pillowcase is poured freely, without clinging to the fibers. The cost of a meter of jacquard satin (width 280 centimeters) - from 500 rubles. Cheaper fabrics are also used: calico, cotton, chintz.

The ratio of the size and weight of the pillow is shown in the table.

Pillow size cm40 * 5050 * 5050 * 6050 * 7060 * 60
Weight of a pillow, kg1, 522.533.2

Thus, the cost of materials used in the manufacture of one pillow size 40x50, is about 100 rubles. The cost of a pillow is also affected by the cost of delivering material, employee wages, rent, and the cost of utilities. Pillows made from high quality raw materials are retail for 500 rubles. The price of a buckwheat mattress measuring 100 by 200 centimeters is more than 3000 rubles. In addition to mattresses, mattress covers can also be produced that are cheaper, weigh less and take up very little space.

Various herbs, for example, lavender, are added to buckwheat husk pillows, as the smell of natural lavender has a pronounced calming effect. Lavender oil instantly evaporates, so it is not used for pillow production, but dried lavender flowers for a long time retain not only a pleasant smell, but also healing properties.

Production of bamboo pillows and blankets Bamboo fiber is a unique filler for pillows and blankets. This is a material that is softer than cotton, and to the touch resembles silk or cashmere. Bamboo has high antibacterial properties and is well ventilated, so the bamboo bed gives coolness in the heat and warms perfectly in the winter. The deodorizing effect of the vegetable filler prevents the formation of unpleasant odors. Bamboo pillows give a person a feeling of extraordinary comfort and provide a good rest during sleep. Products made from bamboo fibers withstand up to 500 washings without losing shape. Use pillows and blankets made of bamboo fibers are recommended for children, the elderly and sick people.

To obtain fiber, a soft core is removed from the bamboo trunks, from which cellulose is then produced. Cellulose is processed into yarn, and valuable material serving as a filler for pillows and blankets is already made from yarn. The fiber production process is 100 percent environmentally friendly, thanks to which all the beneficial substances found in bamboo are stored in the fiber, including green pectin, which moisturizes and smoothes the skin of the face and neck, as well as tones, cleanses the skin, restoring energy metabolism.

Bamboo fiber is usually purchased in China. Lot size at least 200 kilograms. The cost of a kilogram of fiber from an importer is from 200 rubles. Delivery in the country is carried out by road or rail. Shipping cost depends on the weight and volume of the batch.

The fiber should be stored in a clean and dry room, since a damp cloth is easy to deform.

Cotton, satin, bamboo, a mixture of polyester and bamboo, etc. are used as fabric for pillow and pillow covers. The standard pillow sizes are 40x40, 50x50, 50x70, 70x70. The average cost of a pillow is about 300 rubles. In retail, bamboo pillows cost from 600 rubles.

For the production of blankets, an ordinary sewing machine can not do - you need a quilting machine. The cost of such equipment is approximately 150-180 thousand rubles. Automation of quilting can be done using a quilting machine (issue from 50 to 200 blankets per shift). The price of the quilting installation is from 600 thousand rubles. Investments will pay off for a period of 6 months.

Pillows and mattresses with cedar filler Cedar filler for pillows and mattresses can be of three types: cedar shavings, a film of cedar nut kernels and cedar nutshells. The healing properties of cedar have been known for many centuries, and the use of cedar filler helps a person take care of his health. Wood-filled mattresses and pillows have a pronounced orthopedic effect, since during sleep, filling takes the form of a resting body. The oils contained in the cedar have a beneficial effect on the respiratory system and nervous system, relieve stress, and relax. Cedar pillows are hypoallergenic and do not build up static electricity. These products have a very long shelf life, and their care is simple: the cover is easy to erase, and the filler can be dried in the open air during washing of the pillowcase.

Pine nut shells are sold in packages of 15 kilograms, the cost of the package is 275 rubles. Shell companies selling peanut butter and other cedar products sell the shell. Since the shell, shavings and film are used by a person for various purposes, when buying, you need to clarify whether the raw material is cleaned of litter and dust and suitable for making pillows.

The film of the pine nut kernel is a thin shell that is under the shell. It retains a natural aroma for a very long time and disinfects the air in the room. The film is considered the best cedar filler. A package containing 10 kilograms of film costs 3, 000 rubles.

Products with cedar filler weigh quite a lot, especially with cedar shell filler. A shell pillow measuring 50 by 60 centimeters weighs about 5 kilograms. A pillow of the same size, filled with a film of pine nut kernels, weighs only 2 kilograms.

For the sewing of covers, natural fabrics, for example, calico or cotton, as well as printed cotton fabric, are used. A zipper is sewn into the pillows so that it is convenient to adjust the height and stiffness, as well as wash the cover. A meter of the canvas (width 150 centimeters) costs from 60 rubles.

About 150 rubles are spent on the production of one pillow with filler from a cedar shell. The cost of a pillow in retail is 700-800 rubles. The production of film-filled pillows will cost 700 rubles. You can sell the product for 1300 rubles.

Pillows can be sewn on an ordinary sewing machine, but mattresses will need to be quilted, for which a quilting machine will be needed. Given that the retail price of a single mattress is 4, 000 rubles, and the cost of its production is about 1, 500 rubles, the money invested in equipment will quickly pay off.

Juniper Pillows Juniper is no less healthy than cedar. The healing properties of this plant are known to everyone: it has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, relieves stress, and helps to relax. As a filler, juniper shavings are used, a fragrant material rich in essential oils that makes sleep strong and healthy, protecting a person from bacteria and germs. Juniper pads help to cope with hypertension, lung diseases, polyarthritis, dermatitis, radiculitis, rheumatism, neuralgia, increase immunity, relieve the condition of migraines.

Juniper grows in Siberia and on the Black Sea coast. Some types of plants are listed in the Red Book. For the production of pillows, shavings are obtained from dry wood, which is found in the forest. Juniper shavings are usually not for sale, but wood can be found for sale. The cost is about 300 rubles a kilogram. The trunk is cleaned of bark, dried, and then the chip is removed with a planer. The aroma of juniper will be felt immediately after starting work with the tree, and the smell will remain for a long time.

Covers, as for other pillows with natural fillers, are sewn from cotton fabrics. There must certainly be lightning in the cover, this is not only necessary to care for the product, but also allows the buyer to verify the quality of the product, the purity of the filler. Experts say that if there is no zipper on the pillow with vegetable filling, then this is better than any words indicates the poor quality of the pillow.

The production cost of one juniper pillow measuring 30 by 40 centimeters is about 300 rubles. If the timber is harvested independently, then the cost may be less. In retail, the price of the pillow will be about 600 rubles.

Merkulova Natalya

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