In modern construction, many methods are applied for applying special coatings that provide structures with protection from environmental influences. Almost always, the building should be insulated with one or another material, among which polyurethane foam was especially popular. In construction, the so-called rigid polyurethane foam is used, which consists of a gas inert phase. Thanks to this, it practically does not allow heat to pass, while remaining very light. In addition to thermal insulation, it provides good soundproofing of the room, which is why it is an almost universal material for protecting facades and walls.
It is used on different types of objects, which distinguishes it from other analogues such as rubber, latex, polyethylene foam and cellulose sponge. An insignificant disadvantage of polyurethane foam is its vulnerability to ultraviolet rays, but it is easily eliminated by applying additional protection, for example, paintwork. All this allows you to start your own business, based on the insulation of facades by spraying PPU.
A significant number of construction companies offer their customers a similar service, but still not in every company it can be found in the list of proposed works. In large cities, there are likely to be several competitors that make it possible for many companies to earn money in this direction. However, it is worth examining the market offers in order to know exactly in which segment you have to work and whether such undertakings are generally advisable. Warming with polyurethane foam is relatively in demand in both commercial and private construction, but if the object is being erected by a large construction company, the customer almost always cooperates with only one company, and he will not turn to a third-party organization just for insulation.
A novice entrepreneur can find his clients among those homeowners who update their insulation in houses, and among people who are engaged in private construction, and therefore rarely turn to large construction companies, ordering a significant part of the work from construction crews, small firms, or even doing it themselves. It is also worth noting that such insulation is relatively expensive, so it will not find its client among the low-income segments of the population and those who want the economy for absolutely everything. However, working alone is not always profitable, and therefore an entrepreneur can assemble his own team, which will cooperate with a small developing construction company that offers its customers only construction and engineering work directly, but cannot provide them with waterproofing, heat insulation, sound insulation, and the like. work. When an entrepreneur who is applying polyurethane foam gets access to all the facilities under construction that are carried out by his partner, which greatly simplifies his search for customers.
For a partner building organization, this type of cooperation is advantageous in that it can offer its customers a wider range of services, which means it improves its image. In this direction, there is a risk that, sooner or later, the partner, having earned his own reputation and improved financial position, decides to engage in such services himself, and he will not need a separate organization. Also, the service for applying polyurethane foam can be successfully combined with some other types of services, for example, waterproofing with liquid rubber, general repair and construction works, and the like. In this case, it is possible to reach a wider audience, and customers who are interested in a particular job can be offered additional services.
It is worth noting that, like any construction or construction-related work, insulation by applying polyurethane foam is a seasonal business, which is interesting to the population as a rule, only in the warm season. Moreover, polyurethane foam cannot be applied at air temperatures below 0 ° C. In this regard, such a business needs to be combined with some other type of business in order to provide itself with income all year round.
To start your work, you need to register as a business entity, and in this case it is easier to remain an individual, having registered as an individual entrepreneur. If there is a need to register a legal entity, the preferred form is a limited liability company, because in this case, as with individual entrepreneurship, a simplified tax system will be available. This will allow transferring to the state’s benefit no more than 6% of revenue or 15% of operating profit. How to specify the OKVED code correctly, and similar activities fall under the definition (OKPD 2) 43.39 Finishing and finishing work in buildings and structures, other, although additional classifiers may be required for other types of services.
Currently, there is no need to obtain a special construction license, but for legal business in this area, you need to get membership in a self-regulatory organization. In order to join the SRO, you need to contact the selected non-profit enterprise, where the requirements for new members will be indicated. Membership in a self-regulatory organization makes it possible to engage in any construction work specified during registration, and a self-regulatory organization issues a work permit. From a legal point of view, there are no more restrictions for work.
The next rather important stage in organizing your own business is determining the location of the future company. In this direction, at first it may not be advisable to maintain your own premises, because clients will not need representation, all negotiations can be carried out with the client at the facility. An entrepreneur who decides to start the business of thermal insulation by applying polyurethane foam must understand the principle of work himself, and it is also desirable to independently participate in this process, that is, to personally perform the services offered. In this case, he will act as the head of the team, which can control the quality of work performed and the honesty of its employees. In any case, you will have to find trusted people who have a good reputation, and even better checked by the entrepreneur himself. However, when the entrepreneur himself takes part in the work, he can immediately negotiate not through an intermediary, independently evaluate the object and name the cost of the proposed work.
For a small developing company, it is especially important to be able to reduce costs, and rents can become significant costs in the first months, which will not even allow you to cover expenses, not to mention profit. If the entrepreneur is personally involved in the process, he saves on labor, which also has a positive effect on income. Thus, such a business is recommended for those businessmen who have sufficient experience in education in the construction sector.
However, sooner or later you will have to find a room for your own office, and in this case it is best to be located not far from the blocks of private real estate under construction. That is, you need to be as close to potential customers as possible. The representative office itself does not have to occupy a large territory, because it will simply hold negotiations and provide information about the company to consumers. This all applies to the organization, which deals exclusively and exclusively with the application of polyurethane foam; some other services involve the rental of large areas and warehouses. That new construction is carried out in significant volumes, as a rule, on the outskirts of the city, the cost of renting a room will not be very large. However, the price directly depends on the city of work and location in it.
For work, you will need to purchase special devices for applying polyurethane foam. There are two ways to apply polyurethane foam, and therefore high or low pressure installations are used. However, recently it has been recommended to use exclusively high-pressure installations, because they provide better application of the material, its lower consumption and higher productivity.
It should be noted that the polyurethane foam itself is obtained in the process of mixing several components in the installation itself, so it is advisable to purchase only the recommended raw materials for the purchased device. Currently, there are many manufacturers of such equipment, and some of them are engaged in production in Russia, which significantly reduces the cost of equipment. The method for delivering the atomized substance may be different, and there are pneumatic, electrical and hydraulic installations. These are essentially different classes, and they are distinguished by their performance, operational characteristics and price.
For small enterprises, inexpensive equipment that does not have very high productivity, but is easy to transport, is easy to use and maintain, and also costs slightly less than professional installations, is suitable. The price of one device starts at about 50 thousand rubles, but can be much higher if you need a powerful installation. For the process of applying polyurethane foam directly, only equipment equipped with a hose of the required length and raw materials will be required. Manufacturers and suppliers of equipment for thermal insulation by applying polyurethane foam should offer their customers training services on the use of installations.
The process of applying polyurethane foam can not be called complicated, but some practice is required for better performance of the work, so after the purchase it is advisable to independently warm any surface in order to gain experience. In order for the insulation to be effective, the help of an experienced builder is required (if the installation operator is not one), who knows exactly all the features of the design and connections of elements, indicating the operator’s shortcomings or difficulties. In general, before carrying out warming by applying polyurethane foam, it is desirable to draw up a full-fledged project for future work, in which all parameters will be calculated and features specified, which will significantly increase work efficiency. In this regard, the team should have experienced technologists, engineers and builders who will avoid mistakes in their work.
However, the staff does not have to be large, because design work can be performed by 2-3 people (they are not difficult for a professional), and in cooperation with a construction company, the entire project, including insulation, is agreed immediately in the complex of all works. The most important employees are plant operators who have undergone special training in using the equipment or already have similar experience. The team may consist of a different number of people, depending on the complexity of the project and the design features of the processed surface, on the size of the order; usually it is not less than two people, one of which is directly the operator, and the second assistant.
To protect employees, it is necessary to purchase special protective suits that cover the entire body, avoiding contact with sprayed particles. It is advisable to work in a respirator so as not to inhale the substances that are not the most beneficial for health. Safety precautions at such a facility are standard because polyurethane foam does not have high toxicity or toxic properties. In some cases, you can find people who are involved in the processing of polyurethane foam and without any special protection, using standard work clothes.
The actual need for such production is also the purchase of a working vehicle, in which it is possible to transport units, only if one of the employees has his own sufficiently spacious car, you can agree with him on the transportation of equipment. In the future, with an increase in the number of orders, it will be necessary to purchase cars for each brigade, because they will work in different places at the same time. The cost of the simplest car is 200 thousand rubles, and for this amount you can buy only a used car, but it will work for some more time before it is repaired. Without a car, transportation of the installation will be practically impossible, because it is a rather dimensional product, and in addition to it, it is often necessary to transport large volumes of raw materials. Therefore, this is not about passenger transport, but about a small van that can be transported by several people in addition to the device and raw materials.
As already noted, polyurethane foam is a fairly expensive material for insulation, but this is completely redeemed by its durability and good characteristics. Currently, many different components are produced, which ultimately provide insulation with different indicators, including special components that provide excellent waterproofing (due to the inclusion of polyurea). These are the most expensive materials, their cost per 1 kilogram reaches 900 rubles, while standard consumables for spraying polyurethane foam cost about 150 rubles per 1 kilogram. Just keep in mind that these are prices for the purchase of large batches of products, in other words, these are wholesale prices that are available while buying several hundred kilograms at a time. The cost is also affected by the density of the starting materials, and low-density products can be an order of magnitude cheaper.
It should be noted that up to four kilograms of material can take up per square meter of the treated surface, so you will have to buy a large number of consumable components. In general, you need to have about 50 thousand more rubles for the purchase of the primary batch of raw materials.
The cost of work for a client varies greatly depending on the thickness of the polyurethane foam layer, its density and the ambient temperature at which the application takes place. Typically, companies involved in polyurethane foam insulation make a small margin directly on the material itself, but the cost of processing 1 square meter on average is 700 rubles.
For better insulation, the appropriate material is used, and it is applied in a thicker layer, which ultimately significantly increases the cost of surface treatment. With a sufficient number of orders, processing with polyurethane foam can become a fairly profitable business, but for this you need to have orders for definitely large processing areas. On the other hand, polyurethane foam can be applied to almost any surface, the main thing is that it is dry and clean, because polyurethane foam has good adhesion.
Such a business is a good start for a person who understands and wants to engage in construction or construction support works. However, given the seasonality of this area, it is advisable to look for additional ways of income in the winter season, because it is impossible to apply polyurethane foam in some regions for 4-5 months. However, as part of the existing construction business and its development, thermal insulation by applying polyurethane foam can be a good solution.Matthias Laudanum (c) www.clogicsecure.com - A portal to small business business plans and guides